Small elephant hawk-moth

Deilephila porcellus

''Deilephila porcellus'', known as the small elephant hawk-moth, is a moth of the family Sphingidae. It is found in Europe, North Africa and Western Asia.

The wingspan is 45–51 millimetres . The moth flies from May to July depending on the location.The fore wings are ochreous with a faint olive tinge; the front margin is edged and blotched with pinkish, and there is a broad but irregular band of the same colour on the outer margin. The hind wings blackish on upper margin, pinkish on outer margin, and ochreous tinged with olive between. The fringes are chequered whitish, sometimes tinged with pink. The head, thorax, and body are pinkish, more or less variegated with olive; the thorax has a patch of white hairs above the base of the wings.Highly variable in colouration. In drier and warmer and arid areas of Asia Minor and Central Asia the pink colouration is absent. f. ''rosea'' Zerny is intermediate, f. ''indistincta'' Tutt,is pinkish grey, f. ''suellus'' is yellowish sandy buff.

The larva is greyish brown or darker grey in colour, merging into yellowish brown on the front rings. The head is greyer than the body. The usual sphingid horn is absent, and in its place there is a double wart.In the early instars the caterpillar is pale greyish green with blackish bristles, and the head and under surface are yellowish.

The larvae feed on ''Galium'' and ''Epilobium''.
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In Europe coastal areas, heaths and meadowland edges where ''Galium'' is present. Up to 1600m in the Alps and Spain but in North Africa, Turkey up to 2000m.In central Iran and Central Asia open, arid montane forest, or scrub. Usually found at 2000m. to 2500m.


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SpeciesD. porcellus
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