Turkey vulture

Cathartes aura

The Turkey vulture is the most widespread of the New World vultures. One of three species in the genus ''Cathartes'' of the family Cathartidae, the turkey vulture ranges from southern Canada to the southernmost tip of South America. It inhabits a variety of open and semi-open areas, including subtropical forests, shrublands, pastures, and deserts.
Turkey Vulture (Cathartes aura) A Turkey Vulture soaring in the sky. This image was one of my first photos I took after getting my Sigma 150-600 lens last year. Animalia,Animals,Aves,Birds,Caribbean,Cathartes aura,Trinidad and Tobago,Turkey Vulture,Turkey vulture

Appearance

A large bird, it has a wingspan of 160–183 cm, a length of 62–81 cm, and weight of 0.8 to 2.41 kg.

It displays minimal sexual dimorphism; sexes are identical in plumage and in coloration, and are similar in size. The body feathers are mostly brownish-black, but the flight feathers on the wings appear to be silvery-gray beneath, contrasting with the darker wing linings. The adult's head is small in proportion to its body and is red in color with few to no feathers. It also has a relatively short, hooked, ivory-colored beak. The irises of the eyes are gray-brown; legs and feet are pink-skinned, although typically stained white. The eye has a single incomplete row of eyelashes on the upper lid and two rows on the lower lid.

The two front toes of the foot are long and have small webs at their bases. Tracks are large, between 9.5 and 14 cm in length and 8.2 and 10.2 cm in width, both measurements including claw marks. Toes are arranged in the classic, anisodactyl pattern. The feet are flat, relatively weak, and poorly adapted to grasping; the talons are also not designed for grasping, as they are relatively blunt.

In flight, the tail is long and slim. The black vulture is relatively shorter-tailed and shorter-winged, which makes it appear rather smaller in flight than the turkey vulture, although the body masses of the two species are roughly the same. The nostrils are not divided by a septum, but rather are perforate; from the side one can see through the beak.
Turkey Vulture - Cathartes aura I spotted two turkey vultures in a field with a dead critter. This vulture was covered in flies that had been buzzing around the dead thing.

Habitat: Open field on the side of the road Cathartes aura,Geotagged,Spring,Turkey vulture,United States

Distribution

The turkey vulture has a large range, with an estimated global occurrence of 28,000,000 km2. It is the most abundant vulture in the Americas. Its global population is estimated to be 4,500,000 individuals.
Turkey Buzzard  Bird,Cathartes aura,Geotagged,Spring,Turkey Vulture,United States

Behavior

The turkey vulture is gregarious and roosts in large community groups, breaking away to forage independently during the day. Several hundred vultures may roost communally in groups, which sometimes even include black vultures. It roosts on dead, leafless trees, and will also roost on man-made structures such as water or microwave towers. Though it nests in caves, it does not enter them except during the breeding season. The turkey vulture lowers its night-time body temperature by about 6 degrees Celsius to 34 °C, becoming slightly hypothermic.
Turkey Vulture silhouette Soaring Turkey Vulture...  I absolutely love how this photo's color and lighting turned out!... The magical looking rainbow sky background, the vulture's silhouette appearing to be outlined in gold, and the best part,... It is UNedited! Bird,Cathartes aura,Rainbow,Sky,Turkey Vulture,Vulture,animal,colorful,contest,feathers,flying,golden,natural,nature,silhouette,sunlight,wings

Habitat

It is found in open and semi-open areas throughout the Americas from southern Canada to Cape Horn. It is a permanent resident in the southern United States, though northern birds may migrate as far south as South America. The turkey vulture is widespread over open country, subtropical forests, shrublands, deserts, and foothills. It is also found in pastures, grasslands, and wetlands. It is most commonly found in relatively open areas which provide nearby woods for nesting and it generally avoids heavily forested areas.
Turkey Vulture eating a rattle snake in a pale verde tree This vulture surrounded by flies was perched in a tree eating a rattle snake. The whole process took about 5 minutes and the snake was completely devoured. Cathartes aura,Turkey Vulture,arizona,desert birds

Reproduction

The breeding season of the turkey vulture varies according to latitude. In the southern United States, it commences in March, peaks in April to May, and continues into June. In more northerly latitudes, the season starts later and extends into August. Courtship rituals of the turkey vulture involve several individuals gathering in a circle, where they perform hopping movements around the perimeter of the circle with wings partially spread. In the air, one bird closely follows another while flapping and diving.

Eggs are generally laid in the nesting site in a protected location such as a cliff, a cave, a rock crevice, a burrow, inside a hollow tree, or in a thicket. There is little or no construction of a nest; eggs are laid on a bare surface. Females generally lay two eggs, but sometimes one and rarely three. The eggs are cream-colored, with brown or lavender spots around their larger end. Both parents incubate, and the young hatch after 30 to 40 days.

Chicks are altricial, or helpless at birth. Both adults feed the chicks by regurgitating food for them, and care for them for 10 to 11 weeks. When adults are threatened while nesting, they may flee, or they may regurgitate on the intruder or feign death. If the chicks are threatened in the nest, they defend themselves by hissing and regurgitating. The young fledge at about nine to ten weeks. Family groups remain together until fall.
Turkey Vulture (Cathartes aura), taking off  Animal,Bird,Cathartes,Cathartes aura,Cathartidae,Cathartiformes,Fall,Florida,Geotagged,Lake Apopka,Lake Apopka Loop Trail,Nature,New World Vulture,Orlando,Turkey Vulture,United States,United States of America,Vertebrate

Food

The turkey vulture feeds primarily on a wide variety of carrion, from small mammals to large grazers, preferring those recently dead, and avoiding carcasses that have reached the point of putrefaction.

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