Elwes's snowdrop

Galanthus elwesii

Galanthus elwesii is a dwarf bulbous perennial to 30 cm, with broad, glaucous leaves and nodding, solitary white flowers in late winter, the outer segments to 2.5cm in length, inner ones flared at tip, with both basal and apical green marks that sometimes merge into one.
Galanthus elwesii S Turkey, pass 18 km after Ibradi, 1500 m. Elwes's snowdrop,Galanthus elwesii,Geotagged,Spring,Turkey

Appearance

Galanthus elwesii is often confused with G. gracilis, as both of these species have glaucous leaves and two green marks (or one very large green mark) on each inner perianth segment, and they can occur in similar localities and populations. Galanthus gracilis and G. elwesii are closely related, but they can be easily distinguished from one another by the type of vernation (the position of the leaves when they are in bud), which is applanate (leaves flat against each other) and supervolute (one leaf encircling the other), respectively. Other distinguishing characteristics, which are reliable but not totally discrete for each species, are the width of the leaves and the general dimensions of the plant: G. gracilis usually has narrow leaves and is generally of smaller dimensions than G. elwesii. The leaves of G. gracilis are frequently twisted but they can also be straight. Molecular data (Lledo et al. 2004, Larsen et al. 2010) infers that these two species are distinct.
Galanthus elwesii https://www.jungledragon.com/image/57099/first_snowdrops_this_year_-_galanthus_gracilis.html Amaryllidaceae,Asparagales,Bulgaria,Elwes's snowdrop,Europe,Flowering Plant,Galanthus elwesii,Geotagged,Magnoliophyta,Monocot,Nature,Plantae,Sofia,Wildlife,Winter,flower

Naming

Other common names
Giant snowdrop
Greater snowdrop

Synonyms
Galanthus graecus Orph. ex Boiss.
Chianthemum elwesii (Hook.f.) Kuntze
Galanthus nivalis L. subspecies elwesii (Hook.f.) Gottl.
First snowdrops this year - Galanthus elwesii Picture taken with my smartphone. 
https://www.jungledragon.com/image/57371/galanthus_gracilis.html Amaryllidaceae,Asparagales,Bulgaria,Elwes's snowdrop,Europe,Flowering Plant,Galanthus elwesii,Geotagged,Magnoliophyta,Monocot,Nature,Plantae,Sofia,Wildlife,Winter,flower

Distribution

The natural range of Galanthus elwesii extends from Asia Minor to the Aegean Islands, Balkan mountains and northwestern part of the Black Sea shore. In the eastern part of its range, this species is rarer than in the western part. In Romania, it is known from only one locality in the Dobrodgea upland. In Moldova, it also known from one locality only in Gagausia, Komratsky district. There are reported to be 13 localities of Galanthus elwesii in the Ukraine, found in the Bessarabia upland and near the Black Sea lowland, Odeska and Mykolaivska regions, although these populations require full verification (i.e. to ascertain whether they are G. gracilis or G. elwesii).

Native:
Bulgaria; Greece (East Aegean Is., Greece (mainland)); Moldova; Romania; Serbia (Serbia); Turkey (Turkey-in-Asia); Ukraine
Introduced:
Netherlands; United Kingdom (Great Britain)
Giant snowdrop close-up  Bulgaria,Elwes's snowdrop,Galanthus elwesii,Sofia

Status

In Serbia, this species is assessed as Vulnerable (V. Stevanović pers. comm. 2010). In Bulgaria, it is widespread in most of the regions of the country but not common. At some localities there are only a few individuals. Population trend seems to be decreasing in many areas. In the Ukraine, the population parameters differ depending on the habitat. In oak forests, population density reaches 160 individuals/m², whereas in ravine forests (bairak forests) it has an average of 65 individuals/m², in shrub communities there are 60-140 individuals/m², and in steppe communities 40-50 individuals/m² (Melnyk et al. 2007).
Many populations are severely fragmented, as they only occur in rather narrow ecological niches.
Snowdrop This is one of the first flowers to emerge in early spring. Bulgaria,Elwes's snowdrop,Galanthus elwesii,Geotagged,Vitosha Mountain Nature Park

Habitat

Galanthus elwesii is a late winter- to spring-flowering snowdrop of woods, scrub and rocky meadows (Morgan and Leon 1992). It occurs in a variety of habitats: forest (Quercus sp., Fagus sp., Pinus sp., etc.), scrub (Quercus coccifera, Pteridium aquilinum), and in forest clearings, subalpine pastures, and amongst rocks, at altitudes from 100 to 1,300 m but most commonly at 800 to 1,000 m.

In the Ukraine, it grows in deciduous forests in the steppe zone: in oak forests (Quercus robur) in river valleys, in bairak forests of Alno-Ulmion alliance, in shrub communities of the Prunion stepposae and the Festuco-Brometaeae class. In Moldova, it grows in oak (Quercus robur and Quercus pubescens) and hornbeam (Carpinus orientalis), and in shrubland.

Uses

Collection for decorative use in flower bunches, part lethal removal and non-lethal removal. Used as a medicinal plant (whole plant). There is sustainable harvesting of bulbs in large numbers (millions) in Turkey.

References:

Some text fragments are auto parsed from Wikipedia.

https://www.rhs.org.uk/plants/details?plantid=829
http://www.iucnredlist.org/details/164896/0
Taxonomy
KingdomPlantae
DivisionAngiosperms
ClassMonocots
OrderAsparagales
FamilyAmaryllidaceae
GenusGalanthus
SpeciesGalanthus elwesii
Photographed in
Bulgaria
Turkey