Variegated Fritillary

Euptoieta claudia

The Variegated Fritillary is a North and South American butterfly in the family Nymphalidae. Even though the Variegated Fritillary has some very different characteristics from the ''Speyeria'' Fritillaries, it is still closely related to them. Some of the differences are: Variegated Fritillaries have 2–3 broods per year vs. one per year in ''Speyeria''; they are nomadic vs. sedentary; and they use a wide range of host plants vs. just violets. And because of their use of passionflowers as a host plant, Variegated Fritillaries also have taxonomic links to the heliconians. Their flight is low and swift, but even when resting or nectaring, this species is extremely difficult to approach, and, because of this, its genus name was taken from the Greek word ''euptoietos'' meaning "easily scared".
Variegated Fritillary (Euptoieta claudia)  Animal,Arthropod,Butterfly,Euptoieta,Euptoieta claudia,Florida,Geotagged,Insect,Lake Apopka,Lepidoptera,Nature,Nymphalidae,Oakland Nature Preserve,Orlando,Summer,United States,United States of America,Variegated Fritillary,Variegated fritillary

Appearance

''For a key to the terms used see Lepidopteran glossary''.

The upper side of the wings is checkered with orange and black. Both the fore wing and hind wing have a row of submarginal black spots and black median lines running across the wings. The underside of the fore wing is orange with a pale orange spot rimmed in black in the fore wing cell. The underside of the hind wing is mottled with browns and grays with a pale postmedian band. There is no silvering. The wingspan measures 1.75–2.25 inches.
Variegated Fritillary (Euptoieta claudia) On a dirt/gravel trail at the edge of a wetland in Floyd County, GA.
https://www.jungledragon.com/image/66230/variegated_fritillary_euptoieta_claudia.html
https://www.jungledragon.com/image/66231/variegated_fritillary_euptoieta_claudia.html Euptoieta claudia,Geotagged,Summer,United States,Variegated Fritillary,wetland,wetlands

Naming

In the Variegated Fritillary’s range, the only similar species is the Mexican Fritillary . The Mexican Fritillary is brighter orange, the upper side of its hind wing basal area is unmarked, and the underside of its wings is plainer, with no submarginal spots or median black lines.
butterfly a butterfly on a flower bud Butterfly,Euptoieta claudia,Geotagged,United States,Variegated Fritillary,flower

Behavior

Males actively patrol for females. Females lay their pale green or cream colored eggs singly on host plant leaves and stems. The larva eats the leaves, flowers, and stems of the food plant. The larva is red with black subdorsal and spiracular stripes infused with white spotting. In many individuals, the white is more conspicuous than the black. The red middorsal stripe bears white oval shaped spots, one per segment. It has six rows of black spines and has a pair of long, clubbed spines on the head. The chrysalis is mainly shiny white, with small black spots, a variable amount of brown markings, and orange and gold tubercules. Adults overwinter in the south and fly north each spring and summer. It has 2–3 broods per year.
Variegated Fritillary (Euptoieta claudia) On a dirt/gravel trail at the edge of a wetland in Floyd County, GA.
https://www.jungledragon.com/image/66231/variegated_fritillary_euptoieta_claudia.html
https://www.jungledragon.com/image/66228/variegated_fritillary_euptoieta_claudia.html Euptoieta claudia,Geotagged,Summer,United States,Variegated Fritillary,wetland,wetlands

Habitat

This butterfly is often found in open, disturbed habitats such as clover and alfalfa fields, pastures, fields, waste areas, roadsides, and mountain meadows.

References:

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Taxonomy
KingdomAnimalia
DivisionArthropoda
ClassInsecta
OrderLepidoptera
FamilyNymphalidae
GenusEuptoieta
SpeciesE. claudia