Marsh lousewort

Pedicularis palustris

''Pedicularis palustris'', commonly known as marsh lousewort, is a plant species in the family Orobanchaceae. It is native to central and northern Europe and Asia where it grows in wetlands and boggy habitats. The International Union for Conservation of Nature has assessed its conservation status as being of least concern.
Pedicularis palustris (marsh lousewort) Pedicularis palustris photographed in its typical environment: a wet meadow. Flora,Geotagged,Marsh lousewort,Netherlands,Pedicularis palustris,Summer

Appearance

The nominate subspecies ''Pedicularis palustris'' subsp. ''palustris'', which occurs in the west of the range, is a straggly biennial plant with a much-branched, usually erect stem up to 60 cm tall.

The leaves are alternate or opposite, with a short stalk. The leaf blades are triangular-lanceolate to linear, with pinnate lobes and toothed margins. The inflorescence is a raceme with leaf-like bracts. Each bilaterally symmetrical flower has a short stalk and a large, rounded, toothed calyx. The flower is reddish-purple and up to 2.5 cm long, with five petals fused into a tube, the upper lip being slightly shorter than the lower lip.

The fruit is a capsule. The other subspecies, ''Pedicularis palustris'' subsp. ''karoi'', which occurs in the east of the range, is an annual plant and has smaller flowers. This species can be distinguished from common lousewort by having two calyx lobes rather than four, and four small teeth at the tip of the upper lip rather than two. It is also taller and more erect, and is found in wetter locations.
Marsh Lousewort or Red Rattle Another plant of damp grassland/moorland. Carsaig Beach,Isle of Mull,Marsh lousewort,Pedicularis palustris,Red Rattle

Distribution

Marsh lousewort is found in central and northern Europe and Asia. In Europe, it occurs in Scandinavia and southwards through most of Europe at altitudes of up to 1,200 m. In the British Isles, it mostly occurs in Scotland, Ireland, Wales, western England and East Anglia. In Asia, it occurs in Russia, Kazakhstan, Mongolia and northern China. Typical habitat is wetlands, swamps, fens, marshes, wet meadows and ditches.

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Status: Least concern
EX EW CR EN VU NT LC
Taxonomy
KingdomPlantae
DivisionAngiosperms
ClassEudicots
OrderLamiales
FamilyOrobanchaceae
GenusPedicularis
SpeciesP. palustris