Common black hawk

Buteogallus anthracinus

The common black hawk is a bird of prey in the family Accipitridae, which also includes the eagles, hawks, and Old World vultures. It formerly included the Cuban black-hawk as a subspecies. The mangrove black hawk, traditionally considered a distinct species, is now generally considered a subspecies, ''B. a. subtilis'', of the common black-hawk.
Unidentified hawk, Raspaculo River, Belize  Belize,Buteogallus anthracinus,Chiquibul,Common Black Hawk,Macal River,Mountain Pine Ridge,Raspaculo River

Appearance

The adult common black-hawk is 43–53 cm long and weighs 930 g on average. It has very broad wings, and is mainly black or dark gray. The short tail is black with a single broad white band and a white tip. The bill is black and the legs and cere are yellow. The adults resemble zone-tailed hawks, but have fewer white bars on their tail and are larger in size.

Sexes are similar, but immature birds are dark brown above with spotting and streaks. Their underparts are buff to whitish with dark blotches, and the tail has a number of black and white bars.

Common black-hawk juvenile.JPG|juvenile ''B. a. gundlachii''Cuba
Common black-hawk in flight.JPG|''B. a. gundlachii''Cuba
Young handsome hawk in nature Young handsome hawk in nature,Bird of prey Bulgaria,Buteogallus anthracinus,Common black hawk,Geotagged,accipiter,animal,barred,beak,bird,bird watching,blood,capture,close up,eagle,eating,eye,falcon,fast,feather,feeding

Distribution

The common black-hawk is a breeding bird in the warmer parts of the Americas, from the Southwestern United States through Central America to Venezuela, Peru, Trinidad, and the Lesser Antilles. It is a mainly coastal, resident bird of mangrove swamps, estuaries and adjacent dry open woodland, though there are inland populations, including a migratory population in north-western Mexico and Arizona.
Common Black Hawk Common black Hawk upsetting a Yellow-throated Toucan Buteogallus anthracinus,Common black hawk,Costa Rica,Tortuguero

Status

The common black hawk is protected in the far north of its range under the Migratory Bird Treaty Act of 1918.
Common Black Hawk (Buteogallus anthracinus) Rio Lagartos, Yucatan, Mexico. Jul 12, 2017 Buteogallus anthracinus,Common Black Hawk,Geotagged,Mexico,Summer

Habitat

The common black-hawk is a breeding bird in the warmer parts of the Americas, from the Southwestern United States through Central America to Venezuela, Peru, Trinidad, and the Lesser Antilles. It is a mainly coastal, resident bird of mangrove swamps, estuaries and adjacent dry open woodland, though there are inland populations, including a migratory population in north-western Mexico and Arizona.
Common Black Hawk (Buteogallus anthracinus) Cabo San Juan de la Guia, PNN Tayrona, Colombia. May 27, 2014. Buteogallus anthracinus,Colombia,Common Black Hawk,Geotagged,Spring

Reproduction

The bird builds a platform nest of sticks fifteen to one hundred feet above the ground in a tree, often a mangrove. Nests are often reused and tend to grow bigger. It lays one to three eggs , which are whitish with brown markings.

Food

It feeds mainly on crabs, but will also take small vertebrates and eggs. This species is often seen soaring, with occasional lazy flaps, and has a talon-touching aerial courtship display. The call is a distinctive piping ''spink-speenk-speenk-spink-spink-spink''.

References:

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Taxonomy
KingdomAnimalia
DivisionChordata
ClassAves
OrderAccipitriformes
FamilyAccipitridae
GenusButeogallus
SpeciesB. anthracinus