Carabus auronitens

Carabus auronitens

''Carabus auronitens'' is a species of beetle in family Carabidae which was described by Johan Christian Fabricius in 1792.
Carabus (Chrysocarabus) auronitens auronitens Fabricius, 1792 I cannot refrain myself to upload one more photo of this beauty... Carabus auronitens,France,Geotagged,Spring

Appearance

This species grows to a size of 18–32 millimetres. The elytra and the head are shiny, with different colours: red golden, red green or more rarely blue.

The prothorax is narrow at the base and reddish copper in colour. The colours are very variable from one specimen to another. Each elytron has a granular surface with three sturdy, dark longitudinal veins. The legs are black, except the femora, which are red. The antennae are also black but the first segments are red.

This species can be distinguished from ''Carabus auratus'', a similar species, by its longitudinal veins and its antennae: ''Carabus auratus'' has green-gold veins and its first four antenna segments are red.
Carabus auronitens (Fabricius, 1792) 20 mm long Carabus auronitens,France,Geotagged,Summer

Naming

Subspecies include:
⤷ ''Carabus auronitens auronitens'' Fabricius, 1792
⤷ ''Carabus auronitens costellatus'' Géhin, 1882
⤷ ''Carabus auronitens cupreonitens'' Chevrolat, 1861
⤷ ''Carabus auronitens escheri'' Palliardi, 1825
⤷ ''Carabus auronitens farinesi'' Dejean, 1826
⤷ ''Carabus auronitens festivus'' Dejean, 1826
⤷ ''Carabus auronitens intercostatus'' Gredler, 1854
⤷ ''Carabus auronitens kraussi'' Lapouge, 1898
⤷ ''Carabus auronitens montanus'' Géhin, 1882
⤷ ''Carabus auronitens punctatoauratus'' Germar, 1824
Carabus auronitens - Male Rather old shot (2009) - just adding this species for the Netherlands... Carabidae,Carabus,Carabus auronitens,Geotagged,Ground Beetle,Netherlands,nl: Goudglanzende loopkever

Distribution

This species is found in central Europe, eastern Europe and western Europe. It is absent from northern Europe as well as south of the Pyrenees in western Europe.

Behavior

Adults appear from May to September. The imago is mainly nocturnal and predates on smaller animals such as snails, worms or insects. The larva climbs up trees to about 7 metres and pupates after three moults.

Hatching occurs near the end of summer or the beginning of autumn. They then spend the winter under bark, in gaps in dead wood as well as in tree stubs and will be active the following year.

Habitat

This species lives in humid, cool deciduous forests and mixed forests, and also in unwooded areas at high elevations. It can be found under loose bark or in dead wood, and also in bogs, especially in mountains or in foreland up to 2,500 metres. In western Europe it is also found in plains.

References:

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Taxonomy
KingdomAnimalia
DivisionArthropoda
ClassInsecta
OrderColeoptera
FamilyCarabidae
GenusCarabus
SpeciesC. auronitens
Photographed in
France
Netherlands