Wild bishop

Bifora radians

Bifora radians, the Wild bishop, is a flowering plant in the Apiaceae family.
Wild bishop - Bifora radians https://www.jungledragon.com/image/95389/wild_bishop_-_bifora_radians.html Apiaceae,Apiales,Bifora radians,Bulgaria,Celery,Eudicot,Europe,Flowering Plant,Geotagged,Magnoliophyta,Plantae,Sofia,Spring,Wild bishop,Wildlife

Appearance

Plant is 10-25 cm tall, rarely up to 60 cm, with thin spindle-shaped root. Stem is glabrous, grooved, slightly curved geniculately at knots. Leaves are also glabrous, pinnatisect twice or three times, upper leaves are sessile with small flat sheaths and filiform or hair-like lobes; lower leaves are petiolate, with linear, sharp, entire lobes. Petioles are cylindrical and fluted from above. Inflorescence is a compound umbel, which has 3-8 glabrous rays up to 2.5 cm long, the bract is absent or unifoliate. Secondary umbels consist of 7-9 flowers; outer flowers are bisexual, enlarged; inner ones are staminal, smaller; petals are white; bracteoles are unilateral, with 2-3 subulate-filiform leaflets. This plant flowers in June-August, bears fruits in August. Fruits are globular, didymous and sinuate at both the top and bottom, greenish-brown with dark brown stripes, verruculose, 3 mm long and 6 mm wide. Seeds are pale yellow, 2.5 mm long, 2 mm wide; they germinate from a depth of no more than 12 cm
Wild bishop - Bifora radians https://www.jungledragon.com/image/95388/wild_bishop_-_bifora_radians.html Apiaceae,Apiales,Bifora radians,Bulgaria,Celery,Eudicot,Europe,Flowering Plant,Geotagged,Magnoliophyta,Plantae,Sofia,Spring,Wild bishop,Wildlife

Uses

This weed mainly infests spring crops. This species is a specific weed of coriander; fruits of these plants are practically non-separable, and the admixture of B. radians spoils the quality of essential oil produced from coriander. This plant is used as a spicy herb for many dishes and a savory salad is prepared from its leaves. Seeds contain 49% fatty oil. Control measures include thorough main and pre-sowing soil treatments.

References:

Some text fragments are auto parsed from Wikipedia.

http://www.agroatlas.ru/en/content/weeds/Bifora_radians/index.html
Taxonomy
KingdomPlantae
DivisionAngiosperms
ClassEudicots
OrderApiales
FamilyApiaceae
GenusBifora
SpeciesBifora radians
Photographed in
Bulgaria