Fawn-breasted brilliant

Heliodoxa rubinoides

The fawn-breasted brilliant is a species of hummingbird. It is native to South America, where it occurs in Bolivia, Colombia, Ecuador, and Peru.
Fawn-breasted Brilliant Dapa, Valle Del Cauca
2100 m Boissonneaua flavescens,Buff-tailed coronet,Fawn-breasted brilliant,Heliodoxa rubinoides

Appearance

The bird is green above and an iridescent copper on the underparts. It has areas of fawn and green and copper spotting. The beak is long and slightly curved.
Fawn-breasted Brillant Dapa, Valle Del Cauca
2100 m Fawn-breasted brilliant,Heliodoxa rubinoides

Naming

Other common names include lilac-throated brilliant in English and ''brillante pechigamuza'', ''colibrí de vientre ocre'', and ''diamante pechigamuza'' in Spanish.
Fawn-breasted brilliant - juvenile, Alambi Reserve, Ecuador Juvenile, near a feeder. Alambi Reserve,Ecuador,Ecuador 2021,Fall,Fawn-breasted brilliant,Geotagged,Heliodoxa rubinoides,South America,World

Distribution

The fawn-breasted brilliant is native to the Andes, the various subspecies occupying different mountain slopes. It is somewhat uncommon, with a patchy distribution, but it is of least concern, according to the International Union for Conservation of Nature. It lives in tropical forest.
Fawn-breasted brilliant - female, Alambi Reserve, Ecuador  Alambi Reserve,Ecuador,Ecuador 2021,Fall,Fawn-breasted brilliant,Geotagged,Heliodoxa rubinoides,South America,World

Habitat

The fawn-breasted brilliant is native to the Andes, the various subspecies occupying different mountain slopes. It is somewhat uncommon, with a patchy distribution, but it is of least concern, according to the International Union for Conservation of Nature. It lives in tropical forest.
Fawn-breasted brilliant - male, Quinde Luna, Ecuador Male. Ecuador,Ecuador 2021,Fall,Fawn-breasted brilliant,Geotagged,Heliodoxa rubinoides,Quinde Luna,South America,World

Reproduction

The bird is only social during breeding. The male performs a courtship display by flying in U-shaped patterns before the female. There is no pair bond and the male is not involved with nesting or the rearing of the young. Both male and female mate with several partners.

The female constructs a nest in a shrub or tree. It is made of plant fibers, spider webs, animal hairs, and down, and it is lined externally with moss for camouflage. She lays a clutch of two white eggs. She regurgitates insect material for the chicks, because they cannot persist on nectar alone. She broods the chicks for about 12 days, after which there is not enough room for her in the nest. The young depart at about 20 days.
Fawn-breasted Brilliant seen at one of the feeders at the UKUKU Rural Lodge Colombia,Fawn-breasted brilliant,Geotagged,Heliodoxa rubinoides,UKUKU,Winter

Food

The diet of the fawn-breasted brilliant mainly consists of nectar. It defends quality nectar flowers from other nectarivores, including insects such as bumblebees. When feeding it hovers before the flower or hangs from it, and inserts its tongue up to 13 times per second. It will also visit bird feeders and will drink water from fountains and bird baths. It takes small insects and spiders for extra protein. The female catches large quantities of insects during breeding because they are an important food for the chicks. The bird catches insect prey by hawking, picking them from plants, and plucking them from spider webs.

References:

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Status: Least concern
EX EW CR EN VU NT LC
Taxonomy
KingdomAnimalia
DivisionChordata
ClassAves
OrderApodiformes
FamilyTrochilidae
GenusHeliodoxa
SpeciesH. rubinoides
Photographed in
Colombia
Ecuador