Malagasy paradise flycatcher

Terpsiphone mutata

The Malagasy paradise flycatcher is a species of bird in the Monarchidae family. It is found in Comoros, Madagascar, and Mayotte. Its natural habitats are subtropical or tropical dry forests and subtropical or tropical moist lowland forests.
Malagasy paradise flycatcher, male white morph, Ankarafantsika, Madagascar Finally. We've seen white morphs of flycatchers in Sri Lanka (asian flycatcher) and Madagascar on several occasions but never got a clear shot until this day. Female nesting nearby:
https://www.jungledragon.com/image/39661/malagasy_paradise_flycatcher_female_ankarafantsika_madagascar.html Africa,Ankarafantsika,Geotagged,Madagascar,Madagascar North,Malagasy paradise flycatcher,Spring,Terpsiphone mutata,World

Appearance

The Malagasy paradise flycatcher is a medium-sized passerine, measuring 18 cm in length and weighing between 12.1 and 12.3 g . Males have long tail plumes, which can add as much as 18 cm to their overall length. The female is largely rufous-orange, with a black head and nape. The flight feathers on her wings are black with rufous edges, and she has a thin, light blue eyelid wattle.
Malagasy Paradise Flycatcher (female) in Kirindi  Kirindy Reserve,Madagascar,Malagasy Paradise Flycatcher,Terpsiphone mutata

Status

The IUCN rates the Malagasy paradise flycatcher as a species of Least Concern. Despite the fact that its numbers appear to be decreasing, the decline is not precipitous, the species is still common on Madagascar and its global range is sizable.

A number of diurnal raptors, including Frances's sparrowhawk, yellow-billed kite and Madagascar harrier-hawk hunt Malagasy paradise flycatchers. In addition, there is at least one record of a common brown lemur eating a nestling Malagasy paradise flycatcher, one of the few records of a wild lemur eating anything other than plant material.
Male Malagasy Paradise Flycatcher - closeup, Kirindy Reserve, Madagascar Female and male found nearby. The female is always orange and has the short tail, the male has a long tail and comes in a few morphs: orange, white and hybrids.
https://www.jungledragon.com/image/83614/female_malagasy_paradise_flycatcher_kirindy_reserve_madagascar.html
https://www.jungledragon.com/image/83615/male_malagasy_paradise_flycatcher_kirindy_reserve_madagascar.html Africa,Geotagged,Kirindy Reserve,Madagascar,Madagascar 2019,Malagasy paradise flycatcher,Terpsiphone mutata,Winter,World

Habitat

This species is a regional endemic found on Madagascar, Mayotte and the Comoros islands. It is common in all native forest types except montane forest, at elevations ranging from sea level to 1,600 m . It also occurs, though less frequently, in other wooded habitats, including plantations, gardens and secondary forest.
Male Malagasy Paradise Flycatcher, V.O.I.M.M.A. Community Reserve, Madagascar The white morph of the male.
https://www.jungledragon.com/image/85628/male_malagasy_paradise_flycatcher_-_frontal_v.o.i.m.m.a._community_reserve_madagascar.html Africa,Andasibe,Geotagged,Madagascar,Madagascar 2019,Malagasy paradise flycatcher,Terpsiphone mutata,V.O.I.M.M.A. Community Reserve,Winter,World

Reproduction

The female typically lays a clutch of three eggs measuring 0.72–0.76 inches in length and 0.55–0.57 inches in width. These range in color from pinkish-white to salmon-pink, with dense brown or lavender speckling or blotching on the wide end of the egg. This species occasionally serves as host to the Madagascan cuckoo, a brood parasite.
Malagasy Paradise flycatcher (female), Ankarafantsika, Madagascar On her small nest. They are pretty nervous birds, but as we saw her nesting here, we knew she would come back, and she did in only a matter of minutes. The male also stayed close:
https://www.jungledragon.com/image/39660/malagasy_paradise_flycatcher_male_white_morph_ankarafantsika_madagascar.html Africa,Ankarafantsika,Geotagged,Madagascar,Madagascar North,Malagasy paradise flycatcher,Spring,Terpsiphone mutata,World

Food

Like all members of its genus, the Malagasy paradise flycatcher is an insectivore, feeding on a variety of insects. It regularly joins mixed-species flocks, particularly those containing common newtonias. It is a "follower" in such flocks, allowing other birds to work as "beaters"; it follows them and hunts down any insect prey they flush. Studies have shown that the paradise flycatcher's foraging efficiency is directly correlated to the number of common newtonia in a flock; a greater number of common newtonias results in a higher foraging efficiency for any accompanying Malagasy paradise flycatchers. When rufous vangas, which generally forage within a meter or so of the ground, are present in the same mixed-species flocks as Malagasy paradise flycatchers, the latter preferentially follow the vangas, and therefore forage closer to the ground than they normally do.
Female Madagascar Paradise Flycatcher, Ankarana, Madagascar http://www.jungledragon.com/image/38893/closeup_of_female_madagascar_paradise_flycatcher_ankarana_madagascar.html Africa,Ankarana,Geotagged,Madagascar,Madagascar North,Malagasy paradise flycatcher,Spring,Terpsiphone mutata,World

Predators

The IUCN rates the Malagasy paradise flycatcher as a species of Least Concern. Despite the fact that its numbers appear to be decreasing, the decline is not precipitous, the species is still common on Madagascar and its global range is sizable.

A number of diurnal raptors, including Frances's sparrowhawk, yellow-billed kite and Madagascar harrier-hawk hunt Malagasy paradise flycatchers. In addition, there is at least one record of a common brown lemur eating a nestling Malagasy paradise flycatcher, one of the few records of a wild lemur eating anything other than plant material.

References:

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Taxonomy
KingdomAnimalia
DivisionChordata
ClassAves
OrderPasseriformes
FamilyMonarchidae
GenusTerpsiphone
SpeciesT. mutata
Photographed in
Madagascar