Amanita fulva

Amanita fulva

''Amanita fulva'', commonly called the tawny grisette, is a basidiomycete mushroom of the genus ''Amanita''. It is found frequently in deciduous and coniferous forests of Europe, and possibly North America.
Amanita fulva Amanita with light caramel-colored cap. It had lined margins and some pale spots on the cap. The gills were close with some short gills.

Habitat: This mushroom was growing alone at the base of a tree in a mixed forest with mostly oak and pine.
https://www.jungledragon.com/image/72560/amanita_sect._vaginatae.html Amanita fulva,Amanita sect. Vaginatae,Amanita section Vaginatae,Geotagged,Summer,United States,amanita,fungus,mushroom

Appearance

The cap is orange-brown, paler towards the margin, and darker in the center, up to 10 cm in diameter. It develops an umbo when expanded, and has a strongly striated margin. Its surface is smooth, slightly sticky and slippery when moist and glistens; later it may dry. The gills are free, close, and broad. The flesh is white to cream. The stem or stipe is white and smooth or powdery, sometimes tinged with orange-brown and with very fine hairs. It is slender, ringless, hollow and quite fragile, tapering towards the top; up to 15 cm tall and 1 - 1.5 cm in thickness. The universal veil which initially encapsulates the fruiting body is torn and develops into a white, sack-like volva with characteristic rusty-brown blemishes. The cap is usually free of volval remnants. Infrequently, roughly polygonal pieces of the veil may remain on the surface. The spores are white, 9 x 12 microns or 10.0 - 12.5 x 9.3 - 12.0 µm in size, globose; nonamyloid.
Amanita fulva  Amanita fulva,Fungi,Macro,Mushrooms,amanita,poisonous,toxic

Naming

''Amanita fulva'' was first described by Jacob Christian Schäffer in 1774. Historically, both the tawny grisette and the grisette were placed in the genus ''Amanitopsis'' due to their lack of a ring, unlike other ''Amanita'' species. However this distinction is now seen as insufficient to warrant a separate genus. Nowadays, ''A. fulva'' and similar ringless species of ''Amanita'' are placed in the section ''Vaginatae'' ss according to the classification of Bas.
Tawny Grisette (Amanita Fulva) Autumn scene Amanita fulva,Geotagged,The Netherlands

Distribution

''Amanita fulva'', distributed throughout Europe, occurs in a variety of forests. It is generally found with oak , birch , spruce , pine , chestnut and alder , with which it forms mycorrhizae. It is often found with birch in Scandinavia, while collections from southern Europe are usually from forests of oak, chestnut and pine. It grows in acidic soils and fruits from summer to late autumn. It is a common to scarce fungus, and is very common in Britain.

''Amanita fulva'' is considered to be widely distributed in North America in deciduous and coniferous forests, although collections could possibly be of a different, yet undescribed species. In addition, the name ''Amanita fulva'' has in the past been misapplied to other North American taxa, such as ''A. amerifulva'' and others.
Amanita fulva This is a picture of Amanita fulva at Downs Park in Pasadena, Maryland. Amanita fulva,Geotagged,Summer,United States

Habitat

''Amanita fulva'', distributed throughout Europe, occurs in a variety of forests. It is generally found with oak , birch , spruce , pine , chestnut and alder , with which it forms mycorrhizae. It is often found with birch in Scandinavia, while collections from southern Europe are usually from forests of oak, chestnut and pine. It grows in acidic soils and fruits from summer to late autumn. It is a common to scarce fungus, and is very common in Britain.

''Amanita fulva'' is considered to be widely distributed in North America in deciduous and coniferous forests, although collections could possibly be of a different, yet undescribed species. In addition, the name ''Amanita fulva'' has in the past been misapplied to other North American taxa, such as ''A. amerifulva'' and others.

References:

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Status: Unknown
EX EW CR EN VU NT LC
Taxonomy
KingdomFungi
DivisionBasidiomycota
ClassAgaricomycetes
OrderAgaricales
FamilyAmanitaceae
GenusAmanita
Species