Fowlers toad

Anaxyrus fowleri

Fowler's toad is a species of toad in the family Bufonidae. The species is native to North America, where it occurs in much of the eastern United States and parts of adjacent Canada. It was previously considered a subspecies of Woodhouse's toad.
Fowler's Toad His father was Mr Toad, you can call him Fowler Anaxyrus fowleri,Fowlers   toad,Geotagged,United States

Appearance

Fowler's toad is usually brown, grey, olive green and rust red in color with darkened warty spots. If the toad has a pale stripe on its back it is an adult. The belly is usually uniformly whitish except for one dark spot. The male may be darker in overall color than the female.

The adult toad is typically 5 to 9.5 cm in head-body length. The tadpole is oval with a long tail and upper and lower fins, and is 1 to 1.4 cm long.
Fowler's Toad Native to North America, occurring in much of the eastern USA and parts of adjacent Canada. This one seen in the Pine Barrens, NJ. Body length 7 cm.  Anaxyrus fowleri,Anura,Bufonidae,Fowler's Toad,Fowler's toad,Geotagged,North America,Spring,The Pine Barrens,Toad,USA,United States,Vertebrate,amphibian,animal,fauna

Naming

The specific name, ''fowleri'', is in honor of naturalist Samuel Page Fowler from Massachusetts, who was a founder of the Essex County Natural History Society, which later became the Essex Institute.
Fowler's Toad At North Point This is a picture of a Fowler's Toad at North Point State Park in Edgemere, Maryland. Anaxyrus fowleri,Fowlers   toad,Geotagged,Spring,United States

Status

An important conservation measure for Fowler's toad is the protection of its breeding sites. Off-road vehicles commonly used in beach and dune habitats are damaging to this species. Agricultural chemicals have caused declines in some areas. It is considered a species at risk in Ontario.
Fowler’s Toad in Alabama We have tons of toads in our yard and our garden. This handsome thing was hiding under yard clippings.  Anaxyrus fowleri,Fowlers   toad,Garden,Toad,amphibian

Behavior

Predators of Fowler's toad include snakes, birds, and small mammals. It uses defensive coloration to blend into its surroundings. It also secretes a noxious compound from the warts on its back. The secretion is distasteful to predators and can be lethal to small mammals. The toad is also known to play dead.
Fowler's toad Seen within the Pine Barrens, New Jersey. 

8 cm body length Anaxyrus fowleri,Anura,Bufonidae,Fowler's Toad,Fowlers   toad,Geotagged,Summer,United States,amphibian,fauna,new jersey,vertebrate

Habitat

Fowler's toad lives in open woodlands, sand prairies, meadows, and beaches. It burrows into the ground during hot, dry periods and during the winter.
Fowler's Toad Fowler's toad is usually brown, grey, olive green and rust red in color with darkened warty spots. If the toad has a pale stripe on its back it is an adult. The belly is usually uniformly whitish except for one dark spot. The male may be darker in overall color than the female.

Predators of the toad include snakes, birds, and small mammals. It uses defensive coloration to blend into its surroundings, as you can see in these picture! It also secretes a chemical from the warts on its back, which is distasteful to predators and can be lethal to some small mammals.  Anaxyrus fowleri,Fowler's Toad,Fowler's toad,Geotagged,Spring,United States,toad

Reproduction

Fowler's toad reproduces in warmer seasons of the year, especially in May and June. It breeds in open, shallow waters such as ponds, lakeshores, and marshes. The male produces a call which attracts not only females, but also other males. The calling male may attempt to mate with one of the other males, which will then produce a chirping "release call", informing him of his mistake.

When he finds a female, the pair will initiate amplexus and up to 7,000 to 10,000 eggs are fertilized. They hatch in 2 to 7 days. Based on observations, Fowler's toads breed repeatedly through the spring. As many as 10 different age classes, separated by several days, have been observed over the course of a breeding season in one small pond. A new tadpole may reach sexual maturity in one season, but the process may take up to three years.

Food

The adult Fowler's toad eats insects and other small terrestrial invertebrates, but avoids earthworms, unlike its close relative, the American toad . The tadpole scrapes algae and bacterial mats from rocks and plants using the tooth-like structures in its mouth.

References:

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Taxonomy
KingdomAnimalia
DivisionChordata
ClassAmphibia
OrderAnura
FamilyBufonidae
GenusAnaxyrus
SpeciesA. fowleri