Sensitive fern

Onoclea sensibilis

''Onoclea sensibilis'', the sensitive fern, also known as the bead fern, is a coarse-textured, medium to large-sized deciduous perennial fern. The name comes from the observation by early American settlers that it was very sensitive to frost, the fronds dying quickly when first touched by it. It is sometimes treated as the only species in ''Onoclea'', but some authors do not consider the genus monotypic.
Sensitive Fern - Onoclea sensibilis Spores are produced on erect, fertile fronds, which are green in the summer and then turn brown in the autumn. The fertile fronds persist throughout the winter, releasing their spores to the wind the following spring before any new leaves form.

Commonly called sensitive fern because the green vegetative fronds are sensitive to and suffer almost immediate damage from the first fall frost.

Habitat: Found growing near a pond in a rocky, deciduous forest Geotagged,Onoclea sensibilis,Sensitive fern,United States,Winter,fern

Appearance

The sterile and fertile fronds of ''Onoclea sensibilis'' are quite different from other ferns. The bright, yellow-green sterile fronds are deeply pinnatifid and are typically borne at intervals along a creeping rhizome. They grow to about 90 centimetres long, with a long, smooth stipe.

The fertile fronds are much smaller, non-green, and have very narrow pinnae. The sori are clustered like beads or grapes on the upright fertile fronds, hence the common name Bead fern. The fiddleheads are a pale red color.
Sensitive Fern - Onoclea sensibilis Spores are produced on erect, fertile fronds, which are green in the summer and then turn brown in the autumn. The fertile fronds persist throughout the winter, releasing their spores to the wind the following spring before any new leaves form. 

Commonly called sensitive fern because the green vegetative fronds are sensitive to and suffer almost immediate damage from the first fall frost.
https://www.jungledragon.com/image/57741/sensitive_fern.html
https://www.jungledragon.com/image/71593/sensitive_fern_-_onoclea_sensibilis.html Geotagged,Onoclea sensibilis,Sensitive fern,United States,Winter

Distribution

''Onoclea sensibilis'' is native to the Russian Far East, China and Eastern Asia, and has a wide native distribution in Northern America.

''Onoclea sensibilis'' dwells in a variety of wet swamp and wood habitats: wet meadows, thickets and bogs, as well as stream and riverbanks and roadside ditches. It ranges from Newfoundland south to Florida and west to Texas, the Rocky Mountains, North Dakota, Quebec, and Manitoba. It is also native to East Asia, and has become naturalized in western Europe.

It grows best in a shaded or partially shaded area in a moist soil. The plant can tolerate dryer conditions in shade, and will tolerate wet soils and so occurs in soggy ground or at the very edge of water in shade or sun. Sensitive ferns spread to form colonies and are often the first species to inhabit disturbed areas. They can become weedy if not sited properly.

''Onoclea sensibilis'' is a facultative wetland indicator, toxic, and a host to the pathogen which causes bacterial wilt in rice.
Sensitive Fern - Onoclea sensibilis This fern was so dirty! It was growing in very sandy soil along the edge of a river/meadow

Spores are produced on erect, fertile fronds, which are green in the summer and then turn brown in the autumn. The fertile fronds persist throughout the winter, releasing their spores to the wind the following spring before any new leaves form. 

Commonly called sensitive fern because the green vegetative fronds are sensitive to and suffer almost immediate damage from the first fall frost.

Habitat: Meadow Fall,Geotagged,Onoclea sensibilis,Sensitive fern,United States,fern

Habitat

''Onoclea sensibilis'' is native to the Russian Far East, China and Eastern Asia, and has a wide native distribution in Northern America.

''Onoclea sensibilis'' dwells in a variety of wet swamp and wood habitats: wet meadows, thickets and bogs, as well as stream and riverbanks and roadside ditches. It ranges from Newfoundland south to Florida and west to Texas, the Rocky Mountains, North Dakota, Quebec, and Manitoba. It is also native to East Asia, and has become naturalized in western Europe.

It grows best in a shaded or partially shaded area in a moist soil. The plant can tolerate dryer conditions in shade, and will tolerate wet soils and so occurs in soggy ground or at the very edge of water in shade or sun. Sensitive ferns spread to form colonies and are often the first species to inhabit disturbed areas. They can become weedy if not sited properly.

''Onoclea sensibilis'' is a facultative wetland indicator, toxic, and a host to the pathogen which causes bacterial wilt in rice.

References:

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Status: Unknown
EX EW CR EN VU NT LC
Taxonomy
KingdomPlantae
DivisionPolypodiophyta
ClassPolypodiopsida
OrderPolypodiales
FamilyOnocleaceae
GenusOnoclea
SpeciesO. sensibilis