Peacock flounder

Bothus mancus

The peacock flounder , also known as the flowery flounder, is a species of fish in the family Bothidae . The species is found widely in relatively shallow waters in the Indo-Pacific, also ranging into warmer parts of the east Pacific.
Flounder - Bothus mancus  Bothus mancus,Fish,Flounder,Mexico,Peacock Flounder,Socorro


The peacock flounder is also called flowery flounder because it is covered in superficially flower-like bluish spots. As suggested by the family name, lefteye flounders have both eyes on top of the left hand side of their heads. The eyes are raised up on short stumps like radar dishes, and can move in any direction independent of each other. That feature provides flounders with a wide range of view. One eye can look forward while the other looks backward at the same time. The baby flounders have one eye on each side of their bodies like ordinary fish, and swim like other fishes do, but later on, as they undergo maturation to adulthood, the right eye moves to the left side, and flounders start to swim sideways, which gives them the ability to settle down flat on the bottom. The maximum length of this flounder is about 45 centimetres .
Tropical Flounder - Bothus mancus The Tropical Flounder - Bothus mancus has flat body with both eyes on left (upper) side; thin dark bars on left pectoral fin. Tan background with white and and blue incomplete rings with dark margins and numerous small dark spots. Often three dark, diffuse blotches mid-body. Distance between eyes greater than eye diameter; sometimes tentacles on eyes. Male left pectoral fin elongate. Dorsal and anal fins continuous. Bothus mancus,Cocos Island,Costa Rica,Flounder,Geotagged,Peacock flounder,Spring,Tropical Flouder


Peacock flounders are mostly found in shallow water on sandy bottoms. Sometimes they rest over piles of dead corals or bare rock. They may be found as deep as 150 meters .
PeacockFlounder - Bothus mancus  Bothus mancus,Fish,Flounder,French Polynesia,Peacock Flounder,Tahiti


Peacock flounders breed in late winter and early spring. After the female releases two to three million eggs, males fertilize them. The fertilized eggs float close to the surface, carried by the currents, and hatch in 15 days. Before hatching the eggs sink to the bottom. For the next four to six months baby flounders float in the open ocean, sometimes hundreds of miles from the place the eggs were released and hatched. During those months the right eye of the juvenile slowly moves to the left side.


As most flounders, the peacock flounder is mainly nocturnal, but is sometimes also active during the day. It hunts for small fishes, crabs and shrimp.


Some text fragments are auto parsed from Wikipedia.

SpeciesB. mancus