AppearanceMoulet (1995) has been synonymous with Dicranocephalus and reduced the number of species on the basis of synonyms to 16. However, this approach is not uncontroversial and was not shared by Tshernova, which reversed the synonymizations in 1996. The discrepancy is mainly due to the observation of Dicranocephalus agilis, which is either a species complex, or a widely used polymorphic species. Seven species are found in Europe, three also in Central Europe.
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