NamingThis fungus was first described in scientific literature by Christian Hendrik Persoon in 1801. (Persoon's Synopsis Methodica Fungorum, published in 1801, marked the starting point for taxonomy of gasteromycete fungi.)
The gasteromycetes are not close relatives but simply a group of fungi sharing the characteristic of producing spores within a sealed spherical, oval or pear-shaped casing. It turns out that Scleroderma fungi such as the Common Earthball are in fact close relatives of the boletes, and in particular boletes of the genus Gyroporus.
- Lycoperdon tessellatum Schumach.
- Scleroderma vulgare Hornem.
DistributionThe Common Earthball is widespread and common throughout the British Isles. Very common and widely distributed throughout North Temperate zone, especially western Europe and eastern North America.
HabitatEpigeous exceptionally sub-hypogeous, in soil, under leaves and litter in mixed plantation of Pinus spp. and Betula sp., Dec-May.
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