Corallorhiza maculata var. occidentalis
Cluster of Corallorhiza maculata var. occidentalis flowering stalks growing beneath Jack Pine (Pinus banksiana) and Black Spruce (Picea mariana) on a mesic site. There were hundreds of these orchids flowering beneath the trees.
Corallorhiza maculata var. occidentalis is an orchid with no chlorophyll and derives its carbohydrates from a parasitic relationship with fungi. The plant is reddish in color, fleshy and somewhat brittle with leaves that are reduced to mere scales. The flower petals are spotted with red dots (maculata = spotted).
Erect raceme of 6 to 50, ½-inch flowers. Flaring at the top is a central sepal flanked by a pair of petals, with two lateral spreading sepals just below them, the sepals slightly.. more