Common primrose - Primula vulgaris
According to recent pubilcations (Hassler M., Nov 2018 - World Plants, Catalogue of LIfe) the new accepted name is Primula acaulis ssp. acaulis. The information in Wikipedia is still not updated, so I am not going to make any changes here for the time being.
''Primula vulgaris'', the common primrose, is a species of flowering plant in the family Primulaceae, native to western and southern Europe, northwest Africa, and parts of southwest Asia. The common name is primrose, or occasionally common primrose or English primrose to distinguish it from other ''Primula'' species also called primroses.
None of these are closely related to the evening primroses .