Paepalanthus bromelioides: the smaller relative of the iconic Paepalanthes chiquitensis
The stronghold for Paepalanthes species would seem to be the Brazilian Cerrado (here from Serra da Canastra NP), as in addition to the poster plant of the region (featured in most photographs), Paepalanthes chiquitensis, there are also several other species including this much lower growing version.
Paepalanthus bromelioides is a species in the flowering plant family Eriocaulaceae. This family is placed in the Poales, close to the Bromeliaceae, whose morphology this genus shares. Paepalanthus bromelioides is native to Cerrado, the area in which the carnivorous bromeliad Brocchinia reducta is also found. There is some speculation that the occasional insects trapped in the urn of this plant are evidence of its being a carnivorous plant.