Opium poppy, ''Papaver somniferum'', is the species of plant from which opium and poppy seeds are derived. Opium is the source of many narcotics, including morphine , thebaine, codeine, papaverine, and noscapine. The Latin botanical name means the "sleep-bringing poppy", referring to the sedative properties of some of these opiates.
The poppy is the only species of Papaveraceae that is an agricultural crop grown on a large scale. Other species, ''Papaver rhoeas'' and ''Papaver argemone'',.. more