Mania (ex: Nothus; Sematura) empedocles (Cramer, 1782)
Lepidoptera: Bombycina: Geometroidea: Sematuridae: Sematurinae
Wingspan: 42-100mm; Subject portrayed is mostly inclined towards around 100mm.
Location: Brazil, Santa Catarina, Benedito Novo (Lat: -26.769108036913583, Long: -49.36295671411665, Accuracy in meters: 1.6994649122645131)
Date: 29th of July, 2017 at 01:10:26pm
The genus Mania belongs in the order Lepidoptera, superfamily Geometroidea, family Sematuridae and subfamily Sematurinae.
The larvae of Mania were documented feeding on Fabaceae and Myrtaceae.
They used to belong in the genus Nothus and were later changed to Sematura, but both of these nomenclatures are incorrect; the correct genus name, as of now, is Mania. The family Sematuridae might also change in the future. The subject portrayed seems to be a male, but I can't find any conclusive evidence that proves this point. Mania were also seen camouflaging themselves near Mimosaceae.
Mainly, the family is made of nocturnal and crepuscular individuals. There are 35 species in the family Sematuridae; a single genus with one species occurs in Africa (as far as my knowledge goes, so this requires confirmation) whilst the others occur in the Neotropical zone. The wingspan of adults in this family can go from 42 to 100mm and their body is robust in most species. The wings are triangular; posterior wings present a tail-like projection with oceli designs.
Borboletas e Mariposas de Santa Catarina (E-Book)
Distinguishing males of Mania lunus from Mania empedocles:
Distinguishing Mania diana from Mania empedocles: