Dutchman's Pipe / Pinesap (Monotropa hypopitys)
Growing below mostly pines in a mossy area in a dense mixed hardwood/coniferous forest in NW Georgia (Gordon County), US. June 15, 2018.
Monotropa hypopitys is a nonphotosynthetic, mycoheterotrophic plant that thrives in the dark understories of forests. Because it lacks chlorophyll, it must obtain its nutrients from other sources. It is a parasite on fungi (usually Tricholoma sp.) and an indirect parasite of trees. It obtains nutrients from fungi which are initially obtained from trees.
''Monotropa hypopitys'', also known as Dutchman's pipe, yellow bird's-nest or pinesap, is a herbaceous perennial plant, formerly classified in the families Monotropaceae or Pyrolaceae, but now included within the subfamily Monotropoideae of the blueberry family . It is native to temperate regions of the Northern Hemisphere, and is scarce or rare in many areas. However, it is still the most widespread member of the subfamily. While currently included in the genus ''Monotropa'', recent genetic evidence.. more