Inca bonplandi - Flower Chafer (Gyllenhal, 1817)
Coleoptera: Polyphaga: Scarabaeiformia: Scarabaeoidea: Scarabaeidae: Cetoniinae: Trichiini: Incaina
Date: 20th of February, 2017 at 09:40:12am.
Geographical location is approximate but not exact.
Inca bonplandi is a beetle in the order Coleoptera, suborder Polyphaga, infraorder Scarabaeiformia, superfamily Scarabaeoidea and family Scarabaeidae. The subfamily is confusing; most entities place the Inca bonplandi into the Cetoniinae, but a few place them under Trichiinae (http://www.digitalcommons.unl.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1070&context=entomologypapers). The tribe is also confusing, as a few entities place them under Incaini while others place them under Trichiini and under the subtribe Incaina. Currently, the correct taxonomy - as far as my knowledge goes - places them under the subfamily Cetoniinae, tribe Trichiini and subtribe Incaina.
They are endemic to Brazil, where they inhabit the humid rainforests.
These beetles are mostly diurnal, but a few species are known to occasionally be active during nocturnal hours; I don't know if this is the case. They are normally seen surrounding trees, looking for any damage. This is due to their feeding habits; the Inca bonplandi feeds on the sap flows that ooze out of the wound on the tree. I do not know the specific host trees of the Inca bonplandi, but some Inca sp. feed on a wide selection of trees, such as - especially - those of Mangifera sp. ("mango") and Persea sp. ("avocado"). Their coloring is reminiscent of wood, most likely an evolved camouflage adaptation to hide from potential predators. The eggs are laid in decaying wood, where the larvae will feed on the substract and develop until pupating into the adult, which will proceed to search for nourishment and partners to continue the cycle. Adults can reach from 27 to 31 milimetres.