The unfurled, sterile leaves, which first appear above ground during the spring, are rolled and circular in shape. At this stage of development, they are referred to as 'fiddleheads' or 'croziers'. These fiddleheads are especially prized in the northeastern United States, where they are collected, sold, and eaten as gourmet food.
''Matteuccia'' is a genus of ferns with one species, ''Matteuccia struthiopteris'' . It is a crown-forming, colony-forming plant, occurring in temperate regions of the Northern Hemisphere in central and northern Europe, northern Asia, and northern North America. The species epithet ''struthiopteris'' comes from Ancient Greek words, ''struthio'' meaning ostrich and ''pterion'' meaning wing.
It grows from a completely vertical crown, favoring riverbanks and sandbars, but sends out lateral.. more