The southern leaf-tailed gecko has two species. One, ''Saltuarius wyberba'', lives in the granite belt of northern New South Wales and southern Queensland, Australia. They do their foraging at night on massive rock faces. They have been observed active at temperatures colder than −10°C.
The other species, ''Saltuarius swaini'', inhabits rainforests and lives inside large tree root systems and hollows of strangler figs.