The California quail , also known as the California valley quail or valley quail, is a small ground-dwelling bird in the New World quail family. It is the state bird of California.
These birds have a curving crest or ''plume'', made of six feathers, that droops forward: black in males and brown for females; the flanks are brown with white streaks.
Males have a dark brown cap and a black face with a brown back, a grey-blue chest and a light brown belly. Females and immature birds.. more