A herd of wild elephants from the nearby Rani Forest reserve drink water in the wetlands at Deepor Beel on the outskirts of Guwahati, Assam on October 16, 2013. Asian elephants are listed as endangered - as the human population increases, the elephants' natural habitat is destroyed and they are forced to live in the farming areas where they cause damage to crops.
The Indian Elephant is one of three recognized subspecies of the Asian elephant, and native to mainland Asia. Since 1986, ''Elephas maximus'' has been listed as endangered by IUCN as the population has declined by at least 50% over the last three generations, estimated to be 60–75 years. The species is pre-eminently threatened by habitat loss, degradation and fragmentation.