Bermuda cedar bark detail
Juniperus bermudiana is a tree growing to around 15 m. Native to Bermuda Island in temperate, lowland, open forest. Populations occur on limestone-derived soils on hillsides.
The species is critically endangered in its natural habitat due to defoliation and mortality caused by two scale insects, Lepidosaphes newsteadi and Carulaspis minima. (Both were introduced from the mainland U.S. sometime prior to 1942, an event known in Bermuda as 'The Blight', or 'The Cedar Blight'). In 1978 it was estimated that 99% of the population had been killed. Fortunately the population has begun to recover; the surviving trees are resistant to the scale insect, and both natural regeneration and purposeful human plantings have augmented the number and distribution of trees.
This specimen seen in the Sydney Botanic Gardens is 15 m in height, has a 20 m crown and is female.
''Juniperus bermudiana'' is a species of juniper endemic to Bermuda. This species is most commonly known as Bermuda cedar, but is also referred to as Bermuda juniper. Historically, this tree formed woodland that covered much of Bermuda.