Eucalyptus pilularis grows naturally along the New South Wales east coast and ranges within wet sclerophyll or grassy coastal forests. Growing to an impressive 70 m and living in excess of 200 years.
The trunk has a thick stocking of permanent bark often spreading to the first lower limbs while upper branches are smooth and pale in colour. The base of the tree is often fire scarred, hence the common name.
Leaves are thick in texture and taper to a fine point. They range from 9 – 16 cm long and 1.5 – 3 cm in width. Flowering occurs between July and January but not reliably every year. Fruits are woody, thick globular capsules.
Nectar and pollen highly sort after by fauna when the tree is in flower. Older trees form magnificent fauna refuges. Smooth sections of trunk are often scarred by scribbly gum moth larvae. Seed is readily sought after by the
local endangered populations of gang-gang Cockatoos.
''Eucalyptus pilularis'', commonly known as blackbutt, is a species of medium-sized to tall tree that is endemic to eastern Australia. It has rough, finely fibrous greyish bark on the lower half of the trunk, smooth white, grey or cream-coloured bark above, lance-shaped to curved adult leaves, flower buds in groups of between seven and fifteen, white flowers and hemispherical or shortened spherical fruit.