Justicia brandegeeana

Justicia brandegeeana

''Justicia brandegeeana'' is an evergreen shrub in the genus ''Justicia'' of the family Acanthaceae, native to Mexico, and also naturalized in Florida.

It grows to 1 m tall with spindly limbs. The leaves are oval, green, 3-7.5 cm long. The flowers are white, extending from red bracts which look a bit like a shrimp, hence the shrub's common name, shrimp flower. The species is named after the American botanist Townshend Stith Brandegee ; the scientific name is commonly seen misspelled "''brandegeana''".
Mexican Shrimp plant An evergreen shrub growing to 1 metre in height. The shrimp plant thrives here in Australia as in other tropical areas.  Acanthaceae,Australia,Flora,Geotagged,Justicia brandegeeana,Lamiales,Mexican Shrimp plant,botany,pink flowers,plant,spring

Appearance

''J. brandegeeana'' is a bushy evergreen shrub growing to 100 cm tall by 60–90 cm broad. The stems and leaves are downy. The leaves are variegated and usually grow in clusters on the branches. As the plant receives more sun, the amount of creamy white on the speckled leaves will increase, and vice versa. The flowers emerge from bracts that form off the stems. The bracts start out white, but with more sun exposure they turn anywhere from pale pink to deep salmon. A chain of bracts will continue to grow until it falls off in most cases; thus the chains can grow anywhere from a few inches to nearly a foot in length. Flowers emerge from the bracts; usually they are long, thin, and white with speckled maroon throats.

Blooming continues for months once it has begun, then halts for a short period before starting again. The flowers attract hummingbirds and butterflies.Pollination is usually by hummingbirds

The family ''Acanthaceae'' is in the major group Angiosperms . The genus ''Justicia'' is in the family ''Acanthaceae''. The genus ''Justicia'' comprises about 600 species. Research has been done on the phytochemical components of the numerous Justicia species, showing that they possess antitumor, antiviral and antidiabetic activity. ''J. brandegeena'' has not been a topic of phytochemical research until recently.

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Taxonomy
KingdomPlantae
DivisionAngiosperms
ClassEudicots
OrderLamiales
FamilyAcanthaceae
GenusJusticia
SpeciesJ. brandegeeana