Heteractis magnifica

Heteractis magnifica

The magnificent sea anemone, also known as Ritteri anemone, is a species of sea anemone belonging to the Stichodactylidae family native from the Indo-Pacific area.
Magnificent Sea Anemone (Heteractis_magnifica) Dauin, Oct 4, 2012.
Is an anemone that can grow up to 1 metre (3 feet) in diameter in the wild. It is often found in association with anemonefish, or clownfish, such as the cinnamon anemonefish (Amphiprion melanopus), Clark's anemonefish (A. clarkii), common clownfish (A. ocellaris), blackfinned anemonefish (A. nigripes), true clownfish (A. percula), and the pink skunk clownfish (A. perideraion). Juvenile Threespot dascyllus (Dascyllus trimaculatus) also commonly associate with this sea anemone. H. magnifica was featured in the Pixar Animations film Finding Nemo.
Is a species of sea anemone that lives in the Indo-Pacific area.

As you can see in this case the anemone is shared by a family of Amphiprion ocellaris and a porcelain crab. Geotagged,Heteractis magnifica,Philippines

Appearance

The magnificent sea anemone is characterized by a flared oral disc which reaches between 20 and 50 centimeters in diameter but some specimens can reach one meter.
The oral disc, the base of the tentacles and the oral orifice have the same color going from light beige to white.

The numerous tentacles are exceeding 8 centimeters long. The sea anemone, being member of the Hexacorallia, usually carries a number of tentacles multiple of 6 and they are positioned in concentric circles. Their tip is fingered and often lighter in coloration than the tentacles body and have sometimes vivid colors.

Its scientific and vernacular names come from the bright color of the column, which is the visible outer structure when the animal retracts, and these range from electric blue to green, red, pink, purple or brown.

Distribution

The magnificent sea anemone is widespread trough out the tropical and subtropical waters of the Indo-Pacific area from the eastern coasts of Africa, Red Sea included, to Polynesia and from south Japan to Australia and New-Caledonia

This anemone likes hard substrates well exposed to light and current from the surface to 20 meters deep. While usually found down to 20 metres deep, it has been observed down to 40 meters deep.

Behavior

The magnificent sea anemone has two ways to feed. The first one is through the inside via photosynthesis of its symbiotic hosts zooxanthellae, living in its tissues. And the second one is through a normal way by capturing its preys via its tentacles that allow it to immobilize its prey .

The reproduction of the anemone can be sexual by simultaneous transmission of male and female gametes in the water or asexual by scissiparity. This means that the anemone divides itself into two separate individuals from the foot or the mouth. The magnificent sea anemone is found as solitary specimens throughout its range with aggregations only being found in the rim areas of its distribution. Genetic analyses does not suggest a difference between solitary specimens in the central distribution and clustering specimens at the rim. Asexual reproduction is found only in the rim areas and is probably the origin of the large aggregations.

The relationship between anemonefish and their host sea anemones is highly nested in structure. With 12 species of hosted anemonefish, the magnificent sea anemone is highly generalist. The anemonefish it hosts are also mostly generalist, with the ''A. pacificus'' being only hosted by ''H magnifica''. The other specialised fish is ''A. akallopisos'' which is also hosted by ''Stichodactyla mertensii''. The species of anemonefish hosted by the magnificent sea anemone are:
⤷ ''Amphiprion akallopisos''
⤷ ''A. akindynos''
⤷ ''A. bicinctus''
⤷ ''A. chrysogaster''
⤷ ''A. chrysopterus''
⤷ ''A.clarkii ''
⤷ ''A. leucokranos''
⤷ ''A. melanopus''
⤷ ''A. nigripes''
⤷ ''A. ocellaris''
⤷ ''A. pacificus''
⤷ ''A. percula''
⤷ ''A. perideraion''

''H. magnifica'' also hosts Dascyllus trimaculatus, the threespot dascyllus, and various commensal shrimps.

Habitat

The magnificent sea anemone is widespread trough out the tropical and subtropical waters of the Indo-Pacific area from the eastern coasts of Africa, Red Sea included, to Polynesia and from south Japan to Australia and New-Caledonia

This anemone likes hard substrates well exposed to light and current from the surface to 20 meters deep. While usually found down to 20 metres deep, it has been observed down to 40 meters deep.

References:

Some text fragments are auto parsed from Wikipedia.

Taxonomy
KingdomAnimalia
DivisionCnidaria
ClassAnthozoa
OrderActiniaria
FamilyStichodactylidae
GenusHeteractis
SpeciesH. magnifica
Photographed in
Philippines