AppearanceFruit bodies begin as spherical, closed globules, before expanding. The smooth, bright yellow fruit bodies are small—typically less than 3 mm in diameter and up to 1 mm high—and shallowly cup- or disc-shaped.
The inner surface is smooth, and bright yellow, while the outer surface is a paler yellow. In mass, the spore color is white. The stalk is broad, pale yellow in color, and short to nearly absent; when present it is rarely more than 1 mm.
The fruit bodies may be so numerous that their shapes are distorted by overcrowding. Fruit bodies that have dried are wrinkled and have a dull orangish-brown color. The fruit bodies have no distinctive taste nor odor, and are not edible.
The smooth spores are roughly elliptical, measuring 8–14 by 3–5 μm; in maturity they have one cross-wall, and oil drops at either end. The asci measure 100–135 by 7–10 μm. The paraphyses are shaped liked narrow cylinders with diameters up to 1.5 μm, and have tips that are rounded or somewhat club-shaped.
β-Carotene is the predominant pigment responsible for the yellow color of the fruit body.
DistributionThe widespread fungus is known from North Africa, Asia, Europe, North America, Central and South America, Australia, and New Zealand. It is one of the most common of the small discomycetes.
Habitat''Bisporella citrina'' is saprobic, and so obtains nutrients by breaking down complex organic molecules into simpler ones.
Fruit bodies are typically encountered growing in dense clusters on the surface of rotten wood, particularly beech. They have also been found growing on the fruit bodies of the polypore fungus ''Daedaleopsis confragosa''.
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