Eastern spring beauty

Claytonia virginica

''Claytonia virginica'' , the Eastern spring beauty, Virginia spring beauty, or fairy spud, is an herbaceous perennial in the family Portulacaceae. Its native range is Eastern North America. Its scientific name honors Colonial Virginia botanist John Clayton .
Spring Beauty - Claytonia virginica Low plant with clusters of white flowers that are striped with pink. Flowers have 5 petals with 5 stamens and pink anthers. 

This plant grows from a underground tuber, which early American colonists and Native Americans used for food. The tubers have a sweet, chestnut-like flavor. 

Habitat: Wooded wetland
 Claytonia,Claytonia virginica,Eastern spring beauty,Geotagged,Spring,United States

Appearance

Spring beauty is a perennial plant, overwintering through a corm. It is a trailing plant growing to 5–40 cm long. The leaves are slender lanceolate, 3–14 cm long and 0.5–1.3 cm broad, with a 6–20 cm long petiole.

The flowers are 0.7–1.4 cm diameter with five pale pink or white petals, and reflect UV light. It has a raceme inflorescence, in which its flowers branch off of the shoot. The individual flowers bloom for three days, although the five stamens on each flower are only active for a single day. Flowering occurs between March and May depending on part of its range and weather. The seeds are between 0.2-0.3 cm in diameter and a shiny black. The seeds are released from the capsule fruit when it breaks open. An elaiosome is present on the seeds and allow for ant dispersal.

It is also a polyploid, having 2n between 12 and 191 chromosomes. The largest number of chromosomes was observed in New York City.
Spring Beauty - Claytonia virginica 
Low plant with clusters of white flowers that are striped with pink. Flowers have 5 petals with 5 stamens and pink anthers. 

This plant grows from a underground tuber, which early American colonists and Native Americans used for food. The tubers have a sweet, chestnut-like flavor. 

Habitat: Deciduous forest Claytonia virginica,Eastern spring beauty,Geotagged,Spring,United States

Habitat

Spring beauty is found in the Eastern temperate deciduous forest of North America It is noted for its abundance throughout many parts of its range, especially in forests. The plant can be found throughout many different habitat types including lawns, city parks, forests, roadsides, wetlands, bluffs, and ravines.
Spring Beauty Low plant with clusters of white flowers that are striped with pink. Flowers have 5 petals with 5 stamens and pink anthers. 

This plant grows from a underground tuber, which early American colonists and Native Americans used for food. The tubers have a sweet, chestnut-like flavor. 

https://www.jungledragon.com/image/60605/spring_beauty.html
https://www.jungledragon.com/image/60604/spring_beauty.html Claytonia virginica,Eastern spring beauty,Geotagged,Spring,Spring Beauty,United States,flower,pink,wildflower

Uses

This plant has been used medicinally by the Iroquois, who would give a cold infusion or decoction of the powdered roots to children suffering from convulsions. They would also eat the raw roots, believing that they permanently prevented conception. They would also eat the roots as food, as would the Algonquin people, who cooked them like potatoes.
Spring beauty corms along with the entire above ground portion of the plant are safe for human consumption.

References:

Some text fragments are auto parsed from Wikipedia.

Status: Unknown
EX EW CR EN VU NT LC
Taxonomy
KingdomPlantae
DivisionAngiosperms
ClassEudicots
OrderCaryophyllales
FamilyPortulacaceae
GenusClaytonia
SpeciesC. virginica