Blue-crowned manakin

Lepidothrix coronata

The blue-crowned manakin is a species of bird in the family Pipridae. The males have a brilliant blue cap; some have black, others have green body plumage, but the relationship between the subspecies is not well understood.
Blue-crowned manakin (Lepidothrix coronata) PNYC - El Paujil, Pasco, Peru. Aug 24, 2020 Blue-crowned manakin,Geotagged,Lepidothrix coronata,Peru,Winter


Von Spix originally named the species, ''Pipra coronata'' in 1825. It has since been changed to ''Lepidothrix coronata'' due to its misclassification into the genus ''Pipra''.
Blue-crowned manakin, Finca Heimatlos, Ecuador  Blue-crowned manakin,Ecuador,Ecuador 2021,Finca Heimatlos,Geotagged,Lepidothrix coronata,South America,Spring,World


It is found in Bolivia, Brazil, Colombia, Costa Rica, Ecuador, Panama, Peru, and Venezuela. Its natural habitats are subtropical or tropical moist lowland forest and heavily degraded former forest.


The blue-crowned manakin has least concern conservation status. A major factor in this decision is its large range of 5,050,000 km2. Its population size is unknown, but has a decreasing trend.


Blue-crowned manakins live in terra firme forest understory of South America.


Blue-crowned manakins make simple, open-cup nests using dry palm, dry leaves, and/or bark externally. The internal lining of their nest is pale brown, but can also be whitish or yellow. They use spider webs to secure their nests to the tree.

They chose small shrubs and treelets that are less than 1 meter tall and place their nests on horizontal forks. They typically nest in ''Rudgea spp.'', ''Ixora killipii'', ''R. viridifoliax'', and ''R. lindenicana'' along small ravines.

Females are the sole nest builders and take care of their offspring alone. They lay two eggs per clutch. Their nests experience high predation rates. To help mitigate this risk, Blue-crowned manakins choose nesting sites away from wire-tailed manakins, a species that favors similar nesting environments. This reduces the number of birds nesting in one area and thus reduces the chance that predators will predate the area.

Breeding season coincides with the dry season. Males are known to display alone or form leks of up to seven males. Adult and juvenile males form territories though juveniles are unable to maintain their own territory. Their territories range from 206 to 5045 m² in size.

They defend their territory and attract mates through song. They perform their songs on song perches that are horizontal or slightly angled twigs and will sing between 6AM and 5PM. Their display courts are 3–5 m in diameter and are located close to the ground in the open understory. They use up to two courts at a time, but courts can change location annually.

Their courtship displays are somewhat complex with a total of 11 behaviors, 6 of which are aerial. Female's home ranges average 4 ha in size and overlap with one lek on average.


Blue-crowned manakins are frugivores. Their diet includes fruit from ''Melastomataceae'', ''Moraceae'', ''Bromeliaceae'', and ''Araceae''.When feeding in a mixed flock, blue-crowned manakins tend to flock with Cinereus and Dusty-throated Antshrikes, and White-flanked, Yasuni, Long-winged, Gray, and rufous-tailed stipplethroats.

These flocks are typically only composed of one or two blue-crowned manakins. When there are two blue-crowned manakins in a flock, they forage independently from one another. Their behavior is never aggressive toward other species of birds in the flock.

Both males and females forage in mixed flocks, but females spend more time on average in the flock. They forage in the understory between a height of 2–7 m. Their preferred food while in flocks are arthropods, including ants, flies, and other small insects.

While catching arthropods, their hunting technique was often a sally-strike or sally-glean off of live foliage. Considering their normally frugivorous diet, it is speculated that the blue-crowned manakins are taking advantage of the flock's ability to cause insects to scatter.


Blue-crowned manakins experience high nest predation rates with 70% of nests failing due to predation. It is estimated that only 7.5% of nests successfully fledge young. It is uncertain how blue-crowned manakins maintain population size with such a low rate of success, but it has been speculated that high female survivability and multiple breeding attempts per season may be a factor.

Blue-crowned manakins can get infected with haemosporidian parasites. A genetic study revealed that half of the sampled manakins were infected with blood parasites, representing nine different types. Young individuals had higher infection rates compared to adults.


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Status: Least concern
SpeciesL. coronata
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