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Cotinus coggyria

Cotinus coggygria

''Cotinus coggygria'', syn. ''Rhus cotinus'' is a species of flowering plant in the family Anacardiaceae, native to a large area from southern Europe, east across central Asia and the Himalayas to northern China.

It is a multiple-branching shrub growing to 5–7 m tall with an open, spreading, irregular habit, only rarely forming a small tree. The leaves are 3-8 cm long rounded ovals, green with a waxy glaucous sheen. The autumn colour can be strikingly varied, from peach and yellow to scarlet. The flowers are numerous, produced in large inflorescences 15–30 cm long; each flower 5-10 mm diameter, with five pale yellow petals. Most of the flowers in each inflorescence abort, elongating into yellowish-pink to pinkish-purple feathery plumes which surround the small drupaceous fruit that do develop.
Smoke tree  Bulgaria,Cotinus coggygria,Geotagged,Smoke tree

Uses

It is commonly grown as an ornamental plant, with several cultivars available. Many of these have been selected for purple foliage and flowers.

The species and its cultivars 'Royal Purple' and 'Flame' have gained the Royal Horticultural Society's Award of Garden Merit.

The wood was formerly used to make the yellow dye called young fustic.



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Image:DaydreamSmokeTree.jpg|Cotinus coggygria "Daydream" variety
Image:Purple Smoke Bush1.jpg
Image:Purple Smoke Bush2.jpg
Image:Cotinus coggygria autumn leaf.jpg|Autumn leaf

References:

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Taxonomy
KingdomPlantae
DivisionAngiosperms
ClassEudicots
OrderSapindales
FamilyAnacardiaceae
GenusCotinus
SpeciesC. coggygria