Desert Princesplume

Stanleya pinnata

''Stanleya pinnata'' is a species of flowering plant in the mustard family known as desert princesplume. It is native to the United States.
Golden Prince’s-plume All over the NWR sprouts the tall Golden Prince’s-plume (Stanleya pinnata)  at Ash Meadows National Wildlife Refuge, Nevada, United States. Ramsar site no. 347. Ash Meadows National Wildlife Refuge,Geotagged,Golden Prince’s-plume,Nevada,Ramsar wetland,Spring,Stanleya pinnata,United States

Appearance

''Stanleya pinnata'' is a perennial herb or shrub producing several erect stems reaching up to about 1.5 metres in maximum height. The stems are hairless, often waxy in texture, and have woody bases. The leaves have fleshy blades up to 15 centimeters long by 5 wide which are divided into several long, narrow lobes. The blades are borne on petioles.

The top of the stem is occupied by a long inflorescence which is a dense raceme of many flowers. Each flower has narrow yellowish sepals which open to reveal four bright yellow petals each up to 2 centimeters long. The stamens protruding from the flower's center may approach 3 centimeters in length.

The fruit is a curving, wormlike silique up to 8 centimeters long.

Distribution

The plant is native to the western Great Plains and the Western United States.

It occurs in many types of open habitat, including deserts, chaparral, foothills, rocky cliffs, sagebrush, and prairie. It prefers alkali- and gypsum-rich soils.

Uses

It was used as a Native American traditional medicinal plant and food source, including by the Hopi, Zuni, Paiute, Navajo, Kawaiisu, and Tewa peoples.

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Taxonomy
KingdomPlantae
DivisionAngiosperms
ClassEudicots
OrderBrassicales
FamilyBrassicaceae
GenusStanleya
SpeciesPinnata