Infundibulicybe gibba

Infundibulicybe gibba

''Infundibulicybe gibba'' is a species of gilled mushroom which is common in European woods. In English it is sometimes known as the common funnel.
Common Funnel At South Tract This is a picture of Infundibulicybe gibba on the South Tract of the Patuxent Research Refuge near Laurel, Maryland. Fall,Geotagged,Infundibulicybe gibba,United States

Naming

This species was originally described by the mycologist Christiaan Hendrik Persoon in 1801 as ''Agaricus gibbus'', at a time when gilled mushrooms were generally all assigned to genus ''Agaricus''. Then in 1871 in his guide to mycology , Paul Kummer allocated the species to the genus ''Clitocybe'', which previously had only been a tribe within genus ''Agaricus''.

In 2003 Harri Harmaja created the new genus ''Infundibulicybe'' for some of the larger members of the former ''Clitocybe'' and he included ''Infundibulicybe gibba'' as the type species. A couple of authorities still keep it in genus ''Clitocybe'', however.

The older name ''Clitocybe infundibuliformis'' is often identified as a synonym of ''I. gibba'', but according to Species Fungorum that use was incorrect and the original ''C. infundibuliformis'' was a different mushroom.

The epithet ''gibba'' comes from the Latin adjective "gibbus", meaning "humped" or "gibbous". The name ''infundibuliformis'' derives from the Latin "infundibulum", a funnel, with the suffix "-formis" - so it means "funnel-shaped".
Infundibulicybe gibba Cap: Smooth; tannish/pinkish/orange; funnel shaped
Gills: White/cream; decurrent; crowded
Stipe: No ring; equal; white, basal mycelium
Habitat: Growing on a piece of wood, under oak
https://www.jungledragon.com/image/88150/infundibulicybe_gibba.html
https://www.jungledragon.com/image/88152/infundibulicybe_gibba.html Geotagged,Infundibulicybe gibba,Summer,United States

Distribution

This gregarious saprobic mushroom grows on soil in deciduous or coniferous woods and may be found from summer to autumn. It sometimes forms fairy rings.

It is very common throughout Europe, and occurs in North America and Japan.

It is edible when young, but said to be of mediocre quality. It can be fried or used in risottos or soups etc. The stems are tough and may be discarded.

An extract of I. gibba exhibits inhibitory activity on thrombin.
Infundibulicybe gibba Cap was very pale peach/buff. Gills were cream-colored and decurrent with short gills present. Stem was cream-colored and had white basal mycelium. Odor was sweet. 

Habitat: Growing on the ground in a mostly deciduous area (under oak) of a mixed forest.
https://www.jungledragon.com/image/68696/infundibulicybe_gibba.html
https://www.jungledragon.com/image/68695/infundibulicybe_gibba.html Geotagged,Infundibulicybe gibba,Summer,United States

Habitat

This gregarious saprobic mushroom grows on soil in deciduous or coniferous woods and may be found from summer to autumn. It sometimes forms fairy rings.

It is very common throughout Europe, and occurs in North America and Japan.

It is edible when young, but said to be of mediocre quality. It can be fried or used in risottos or soups etc. The stems are tough and may be discarded.

An extract of I. gibba exhibits inhibitory activity on thrombin.

References:

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Taxonomy
KingdomFungi
DivisionBasidiomycota
ClassAgaricomycetes
OrderAgaricales
FamilyTricholomataceae
GenusInfundibulicybe
SpeciesI. gibba