Appearance''P. terribilis'' is the largest species of poison dart frog, and can reach a size of 55 mm in adulthood, with females typically being larger than males. Like all poison dart frogs, the adults are brightly colored; however, they lack the dark spots present in many other dendrobatids. The frog's color pattern is aposematic . The frog has tiny adhesive disks in its toes which aid climbing of plants. It also has a bone plate in the lower jaw, which gives the frog the appearance of having teeth, a distinctive feature not observed in the other species of ''Phyllobates''. The frog is normally diurnal . ''Phyllobates terribilis'' occurs in three different color varieties or morphs:
Behavior''P. terribilis'' is considered to be one of the most intelligent anurans. Like all poison dart frogs, captives can recognize human caregivers after exposure of a few weeks. They are also extremely successful tongue hunters, using their long, adhesive tongues to catch food, and almost never miss a strike. This success at tongue-hunting implies better brainpower and resolution on eyesight than some other frogs. Golden poison frogs are curious, bold, and seemingly aware of the fact that they are next to invulnerable, making no attempt to conceal themselves and actually flaunting their beautiful colors to intimidate potential predators.
Golden poison frogs are social animals. Wild specimens typically live in groups of four to seven ; captive frogs can be kept in groups of 10 or even 15, although groups that rise past that number are extremely susceptible to aggression and disease. Like all poison dart frogs, they are rarely aggressive towards members of their own species; however, occasional minor squabbles may occur between members of the group. Being immune to their own poison, golden poison frogs interact constantly with each other. They communicate not only with their calls, but also with gestures. Push-up movements are a sign of dominance, while lowered heads seem to signal submission.
Like all members of the genera ''Phyllobates'', ''Dendrobates'', and ''Ranitomeya'', family groups of golden poison dart frogs gather together in large breeding gatherings once or twice per year. While peaceful towards others of their species at other times, the male frogs can be formidably aggressive while competing for a breeding space. Females will remain fairly calm throughout this ordeal. Courtship for the golden poison frog is similar to that of the green and black poison dart frog. Its call consists of a rapid series of high-pitched squeaks. Golden poison frogs are notable for being extremely tactile during reproduction, each partner stroking its mate's head, back, flanks, and cloacal areas before mating.
''P. terribilis'' frogs are dedicated parents. The golden poison frogs lay their eggs on the ground, hidden beneath the leaf litter. Once the tadpoles emerge from their eggs, they stick themselves to the mucus on the backs of their parents. The adult frogs carry their young into the canopy, depositing them in the pools of water that accumulate in the centre of bromeliads. The tadpoles feed on algae and mosquito larvae in the bromeliad, and their mother will even supplement their diet by laying infertile eggs into the water for the tadpoles to eat. Unlike ''Oophaga pumilio'', however, ''P. terribilis'' tadpoles can thrive on other foods and do not require their mother to feed them eggs. Once the tadpoles develop into froglets, their parents lead them to the group in which one parent, usually the female, lived. The young are accepted by all members of the group, but remain in close proximity to their parents until sexual maturity.
FoodThe main natural sources of food of ''P. terribilis'' are the ants in the genera ''Brachymyrmex'' and ''Paratrechina'', but many kinds of insects and other small invertebrates can be devoured, specifically termites and beetles, which can easily be found on the rainforest floor. This frog is considered the most voracious of the dendrobatids.
In captivity, the frog is fed with ''Drosophila'' fruit flies, cochineals and crickets , the larvae of various insects, and other small, live, invertebrate foods. An adult frog can eat food items much larger in relation to its size than most other dendrobatids. Tadpoles will feed on algae, mosquito larvae, and other edible material that may be present in their nursery. Unlike other ''Phyllobates'' spp., ''P. terribilis'' tadpoles are somewhat versatile feeders.
Some text fragments are auto parsed from Wikipedia.