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Eubaphe unicolor - Coração-de-Ouro / Golden Heart / Orange Beggar (Robinson, 1869) Lepidoptera: Bombycina: Geometroidea: Geometridae: Larentiinae: Eudulini<br />
<br />
Another post of what I believe to be an Eubaphe unicolor (my picture) / Outro post do que penso ser uma Eubaphe unicolor (minha foto): <figure class="photo"><a href="https://www.jungledragon.com/image/61570/eubaphe_cf._unicolor_-_corao-de-ouro_corao-dourado_golden_heart_orange_beggar_robinson_1869.html" title="Eubaphe cf. unicolor - Cora&ccedil;&atilde;o-de-Ouro / Cora&ccedil;&atilde;o-Dourado / Golden Heart / Orange Beggar (Robinson, 1869)"><img src="https://s3.amazonaws.com/media.jungledragon.com/images/3305/61570_thumb.jpg?AWSAccessKeyId=05GMT0V3GWVNE7GGM1R2&Expires=1574899210&Signature=y71GLXLJUWkn7Ffc1TPArtOlj8w%3D" width="148" height="152" alt="Eubaphe cf. unicolor - Cora&ccedil;&atilde;o-de-Ouro / Cora&ccedil;&atilde;o-Dourado / Golden Heart / Orange Beggar (Robinson, 1869) Lepidoptera: Bombycina: Geometroidea: Larentiinae: Eudulini<br />
<br />
Everything seems to indicate that this is an Eubaphe unicolor, but I can&#039;t be 100% sure so I&#039;ll leave the species as a guess. Full post on Eubaphe unicolor here: https://www.jungledragon.com/image/59624/eubaphe_unicolor_-_corao-de-ouro_golden_heart_orange_beggar_robinson_1869.html<br />
 <br />
If you read the original post, you&#039;ll see how big the genus is and how I can&#039;t give certainty on the species, but the genus is, undoubtedly, Eubaphe.<br />
<br />
If you know the true identity of this species or can confirm the species unicolor, I will appreciate it and credit you. Animalia,Arthropoda,Brasil,Brazil,Cora&ccedil;&atilde;o-de-Ouro,Eubaphe,Eubaphe unicolor,Eudulini,GEOMETROIDEA,Golden Heart,Insecta,Larentiinae,Lepidoptera,Mariposas do Brasil,Moth,Orange,Orange Beggar,animal,geometridae,heterocera" /></a></figure><br />
<br />
Hora / Hour: 13:10:32. / 01:10:32pm.<br />
<br />
VERS&Atilde;O EM PORTUGU&Ecirc;S AQUI:<br />
<br />
Aparentemente h&aacute; duas subesp&eacute;cies de Eubaphe unicolor, mas isto requer confirma&ccedil;&atilde;o: <br />
<br />
Eubaphe unicolor unicolor<br />
Eubaphe unicolor venustata (Fletcher, 1954)<br />
<br />
Como quase sempre ocorre com as mariposas, informa&ccedil;&otilde;es s&atilde;o escassas e o estado de distribui&ccedil;&atilde;o &eacute; quase sempre duvidoso. O artigo de Wikipedia que cita esta mariposa exclusivamente para a Am&eacute;rica do Norte est&aacute; errado pois h&aacute; relatos indicando a presen&ccedil;a de Eubaphe unicolor no Brasil e em outros pa&iacute;ses que n&atilde;o fazem parte da Am&eacute;rica do Norte. O presente artigo &eacute; dedicado em satisfazer algumas d&uacute;vidas sobre Eubaphe unicolor com a importante men&ccedil;&atilde;o de que informa&ccedil;&otilde;es s&atilde;o, de fato, escassas.<br />
<br />
Eubaphe unicolor &eacute; um membro da ordem Lepidoptera, subdivis&atilde;o Bombycina, superfam&iacute;lia Geometroidea, fam&iacute;lia Geometridae, subfam&iacute;lia Larentiinae e tribo Eudulini.<br />
<br />
Essas s&atilde;o as esp&eacute;cies reconhecidas do g&ecirc;nero Eubaphe:<br />
<br />
Eubaphe conformis (Walker, 1854)<br />
Eubaphe helveta (Barnes, 1907)<br />
Eubaphe integra (Walker, 1866)<br />
Eubaphe lineata (Druce, 1885)<br />
Eubaphe medea (Druce, 1885)<br />
Eubaphe mendica (Walker, 1854)<br />
Eubaphe meridiana (Slosson, 1889)<br />
Eubaphe rotundata (Cassino &amp; Swett, 1922)<br />
Eubaphe tripunctata (Druce, 1885)<br />
Eubaphe unicolor (Robinson, 1869)<br />
Eubaphe tritonia (Druce, 1885)<br />
Eubaphe moderata (Herbulot, 2001)<br />
Eubaphe conformis (Walker, 1854)<br />
Eubaphe lobula (H&uuml;bner, 1823)<br />
Eubaphe weyenberghii (Snellen, 1878)<br />
Eubaphe deceptata (Fletcher, 1954)<br />
Eubaphe hesperina (Burmeister, 1878)<br />
Eubaphe ae&euml;tes (Schaus, 1889)<br />
Eubaphe antithesis (Dyar, 1914)<br />
Eubaphe bada (Druce, 1890)<br />
Eubaphe biseriata (Herrich-Sch&auml;ffer, 1855)<br />
Eubaphe cupraria (Walker, 1854)<br />
Eubaphe nanora (Schaus, 1929)<br />
Eubaphe hyalina (Hulst, 1898)<br />
Eubaphe fieldi (Fletcher, 1954)<br />
Eubaphe lobiformis (Druce, 1899)<br />
Eubaphe orfilai (Fletcher, 1954)<br />
Eubaphe pauper (Schaus, 1889)<br />
Eubaphe rotundata (Cotes &amp; Swinhoe, 1922)<br />
Eubaphe rhotana (Druce, 1894)<br />
Eubaphe sombreata (Dognin, 1883)<br />
Eubaphe sulcifera (Warren, 1906)<br />
Eubaphe venustata (Fletcher, 1954)<br />
Eubaphe dulcifera (Forbes, 1917)<br />
Eubaphe eulathes (Dyar, 1920)<br />
Eubaphe daxata (Druce, 1894)<br />
Eubaphe pumilata (Fletcher, 1954)<br />
<br />
^ Precisa de confirma&ccedil;&atilde;o<br />
<br />
&quot;A esp&eacute;cie em si foi registrada em listas hist&oacute;ricas da BC mas n&atilde;o h&aacute; documenta&ccedil;&otilde;es conhecidas para o Norte do Sudoeste dos EUA. Esses registros s&atilde;o considerados err&ocirc;neos.&quot; (<a href="https://books.google.com.br/books?id=wioBCwAAQBAJ&amp;pg=PT202&amp;lpg=PT202&amp;dq=eubaphe+unicolor+brasil&amp;source=bl&amp;ots=qpYpsDlSlr&amp;sig=Wvi6g6YLIpyvavDwRgQQG_L3fSc&amp;hl=pt-BR&amp;sa=X&amp;ved=0ahUKEwjw8d3nkuraAhWKHpAKHW3ICTAQ6AEIZjAN#v=onepage&amp;q=eubaphe" rel="nofollow">https://books.google.com.br/books?id=wioBCwAAQBAJ&amp;pg=PT202&amp;lpg=PT202&amp;dq=eubaphe+unicolor+brasil&amp;source=bl&amp;ots=qpYpsDlSlr&amp;sig=Wvi6g6YLIpyvavDwRgQQG_L3fSc&amp;hl=pt-BR&amp;sa=X&amp;ved=0ahUKEwjw8d3nkuraAhWKHpAKHW3ICTAQ6AEIZjAN#v=onepage&amp;q=eubaphe</a> unicolor brasil&amp;f=false)<br />
<br />
O &uacute;ltimo &iacute;nstar larval possui um comprimento de cerca de 2.5cm-2.7cm de acordo com os arquivos de BugGuide. O comprimento da pupa mede aproximadamente 1cm. O comprimento das asas posteriores &eacute; de cerca de 9mm-13mm. A mariposa &eacute; de colora&ccedil;&atilde;o uniforme, com asas e corpo laranjas; as vena&ccedil;&otilde;es, por vezes, podem ser vis&iacute;veis nas fotografias pois as asas s&atilde;o atenuadamente transl&uacute;cidas. As pernas e as antenas s&atilde;o escurecidas; as antenas s&atilde;o semi-eretas. As plantas hospedeiras das larvas s&atilde;o membros de Viola sp., mas foram documentadas em Hybanthus sp. (Violaceae) e Acer sp. (Sapindaceae), sugerindo que Eubaphe unicolor &eacute; polifit&oacute;faga. Com a coleta, pode ser notado que a mariposa evitava ovipositar nas folhas, preferindo ovipositar a maioria dos ovos em caules mortos e substratos similares. As larvas novas s&atilde;o mineradoras de folhas, e procedem a comer folhas de maneira mais padronizada &agrave; medida que envelhecem. As larvas que estavam prestes a pupar teciam redes de seda solta por onde se suspendiam para iniciar o est&aacute;gio. A pele do &uacute;ltimo &iacute;nstar permanecia presa &agrave; pupa e contribu&iacute;a com a apar&ecirc;ncia de &quot;detrito&quot;, o que pode vir a ser um aux&iacute;lio &agrave; esp&eacute;cie como um mecanismo de camuflagem. A Eubaphe unicolor onde estas observa&ccedil;&otilde;es foram notadas foi coletada na planta hospedeira Viola missouriensis. De acordo com BugGuide, o processo ovo-pupa necessitou de aproximadamente 60 dias.<br />
<br />
Os habitats de Eubaphe unicolor incluem florestas dec&iacute;duas, margens de rios, bosques e clareiras em florestas tropicais, ocorrendo em eleva&ccedil;&otilde;es entre o n&iacute;vel do mar e cerca de 1500m, podendo tamb&eacute;m serem vistas em habitats urbanos e suburbanos, precisamente onde esta foi encontrada (urbano), no 16&ordm; andar de um pr&eacute;dio.<br />
<br />
Os adultos descansam com as asas formando um cora&ccedil;&atilde;o. A envergadura de suas asas &eacute; de aproximadamente 3,17cm. Os adultos s&atilde;o nectar&iacute;voros mas desconhe&ccedil;o a(s) planta(s) hospedeira(s).<br />
<br />
Fontes:<br />
<br />
<a href="http://www.learnaboutbutterflies.com/" rel="nofollow">http://www.learnaboutbutterflies.com/</a><br />
<br />
<a href="https://www.butterfliesandmoths.org/species/Eubaphe-unicolor" rel="nofollow">https://www.butterfliesandmoths.org/species/Eubaphe-unicolor</a><br />
<br />
<a href="https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Eubaphe" rel="nofollow">https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Eubaphe</a><br />
<br />
<a href="https://bugguide.net/node/view/164025" rel="nofollow">https://bugguide.net/node/view/164025</a><br />
<br />
<a href="http://eol.org/pages/283285/overview" rel="nofollow">http://eol.org/pages/283285/overview</a><br />
<br />
<a href="http://v3.boldsystems.org/index.php/TaxBrowser_Taxonpage?taxid=7669" rel="nofollow">http://v3.boldsystems.org/index.php/TaxBrowser_Taxonpage?taxid=7669</a><br />
<br />
<br />
ENGLISH VERSION HERE:<br />
<br />
Apparently, there are two subspecies to Eubaphe unicolor, but this requires confirmation:<br />
<br />
Eubaphe unicolor unicolor<br />
Eubaphe unicolor venustata (Fletcher, 1954)<br />
<br />
As almost always when it comes to moths, informations are scarce and distribution status are doubtful. The Wikipedia article citing this moth exclusively to North America is wrong as reports have indicated Eubaphe unicolor can also be found in Brazil and other countries not part of North America. The present article is dedicated to satisfying some doubts about the Eubaphe unicolor with the important mention that informations on them are indeed scarce.<br />
<br />
Eubaphe unicolor is a member of the order Lepidoptera, subdivision Bombycina, superfamily Geometroidea, family Geometridae, subfamily Larentiinae and tribe Eudulini.<br />
 <br />
These are the recognized species of the genus Eubaphe:<br />
 <br />
Eubaphe conformis (Walker, 1854)<br />
Eubaphe helveta (Barnes, 1907)<br />
Eubaphe integra (Walker, 1866)<br />
Eubaphe lineata (Druce, 1885)<br />
Eubaphe medea (Druce, 1885)<br />
Eubaphe mendica (Walker, 1854)<br />
Eubaphe meridiana (Slosson, 1889)<br />
Eubaphe rotundata (Cassino &amp; Swett, 1922)<br />
Eubaphe tripunctata (Druce, 1885)<br />
Eubaphe unicolor (Robinson, 1869)<br />
Eubaphe tritonia (Druce, 1885)<br />
Eubaphe moderata (Herbulot, 2001)<br />
Eubaphe conformis (Walker, 1854)<br />
Eubaphe lobula (H&uuml;bner, 1823)<br />
Eubaphe weyenberghii (Snellen, 1878)<br />
Eubaphe deceptata (Fletcher, 1954)<br />
Eubaphe hesperina (Burmeister, 1878)<br />
Eubaphe ae&euml;tes (Schaus, 1889)<br />
Eubaphe antithesis (Dyar, 1914)<br />
Eubaphe bada (Druce, 1890)<br />
Eubaphe biseriata (Herrich-Sch&auml;ffer, 1855)<br />
Eubaphe cupraria (Walker, 1854)<br />
Eubaphe nanora (Schaus, 1929)<br />
Eubaphe hyalina (Hulst, 1898)<br />
Eubaphe fieldi (Fletcher, 1954)<br />
Eubaphe lobiformis (Druce, 1899)<br />
Eubaphe orfilai (Fletcher, 1954)<br />
Eubaphe pauper (Schaus, 1889)<br />
Eubaphe rotundata (Cotes &amp; Swinhoe, 1922)<br />
Eubaphe rhotana (Druce, 1894)<br />
Eubaphe sombreata (Dognin, 1883)<br />
Eubaphe sulcifera (Warren, 1906)<br />
Eubaphe venustata (Fletcher, 1954)<br />
Eubaphe dulcifera (Forbes, 1917)<br />
Eubaphe eulathes (Dyar, 1920)<br />
Eubaphe daxata (Druce, 1894)<br />
Eubaphe pumilata (Fletcher, 1954)<br />
<br />
^ Needs confirmation<br />
 <br />
&quot;The species themselves has been reported on historical BC lists but no vouchers are known North of the Southwestern USA. Those reports are deemed erroneous.&quot; (<a href="https://books.google.com.br/books?id=wioBCwAAQBAJ&amp;pg=PT202&amp;lpg=PT202&amp;dq=eubaphe+unicolor+brasil&amp;source=bl&amp;ots=qpYpsDlSlr&amp;sig=Wvi6g6YLIpyvavDwRgQQG_L3fSc&amp;hl=pt-BR&amp;sa=X&amp;ved=0ahUKEwjw8d3nkuraAhWKHpAKHW3ICTAQ6AEIZjAN#v=onepage&amp;q=eubaphe" rel="nofollow">https://books.google.com.br/books?id=wioBCwAAQBAJ&amp;pg=PT202&amp;lpg=PT202&amp;dq=eubaphe+unicolor+brasil&amp;source=bl&amp;ots=qpYpsDlSlr&amp;sig=Wvi6g6YLIpyvavDwRgQQG_L3fSc&amp;hl=pt-BR&amp;sa=X&amp;ved=0ahUKEwjw8d3nkuraAhWKHpAKHW3ICTAQ6AEIZjAN#v=onepage&amp;q=eubaphe</a> unicolor brasil&amp;f=false)<br />
<br />
The final instar of the larva has a length of approximately 2.5cm-2.7cm, according to BugGuide data. The pupa&#039;s length measured approximately 1cm. The forewing&#039;s length is around 9mm-13mm. The moth is uniform in coloring, with orange wings and body and the venations can sometimes be visible through photography due to the slight transulscence of the wings. The legs and the antennae are darkish, the latter semi-erect. The host plants of the larvae are members of Viola sp. but have been reported on Hybanthus sp. (Violaceae) and Acer sp. (Sapindaceae), suggesting the Eubaphe unicolor are polyphytophagous. Through hauling, it could be noted that the moth avoided ovipositing on leaves, instead choosing to place most of the eggs on dead stems and similar substrate. The early larvae were leaf miners, proceeding to eat leaves in a more standard fashion as they aged. The pupating larvae spun loose silk nets from which they suspended themselves to pupate. The last instar&#039;s skin remained attached to the pupa and contributed to the debris-like appearance, which might serve the species as a camouflage mechanism. The Eubaphe unicolor in which these observations were noted was reared on the host plant Viola missouriensis. According to BugGuide, the egg to pupa process required approximately 60 days.<br />
<br />
The habitats of Eubaphe unicolor include deciduous woodlands, riverbanks, glades and clearings in tropical forests, occuring at elevations between sea level and about 1500m, being also found an urban and suburban habitats, precisely where this one was found (urban) on the 16th floor of a flat.<br />
<br />
 <br />
Adults rest with the wings forming a heart. Their wingspan is of approximately 3,17cm. Adults are nectarivorous but I&#039;m unaware what are (is) their host plant(s).<br />
<br />
Sources:<br />
<br />
<a href="http://www.learnaboutbutterflies.com/" rel="nofollow">http://www.learnaboutbutterflies.com/</a><br />
<br />
<a href="https://www.butterfliesandmoths.org/species/Eubaphe-unicolor" rel="nofollow">https://www.butterfliesandmoths.org/species/Eubaphe-unicolor</a><br />
<br />
<a href="https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Eubaphe" rel="nofollow">https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Eubaphe</a><br />
<br />
<a href="https://bugguide.net/node/view/164025" rel="nofollow">https://bugguide.net/node/view/164025</a><br />
<br />
<a href="http://eol.org/pages/283285/overview" rel="nofollow">http://eol.org/pages/283285/overview</a><br />
<br />
<a href="http://v3.boldsystems.org/index.php/TaxBrowser_Taxonpage?taxid=7669" rel="nofollow">http://v3.boldsystems.org/index.php/TaxBrowser_Taxonpage?taxid=7669</a><br />
<br />
<a href="http://v3.boldsystems.org/index.php/Public_SearchTerms?query=&quot;Eubaphe" rel="nofollow">http://v3.boldsystems.org/index.php/Public_SearchTerms?query=&quot;Eubaphe</a> unicolor&quot;[tax] América do Sul,Animalia,Arthropoda,Brazil,Ceará,Coração-Dourado,Coração-de-Ouro,Eubaphe,Eubaphe unicolor,Eudulini,Fortaleza,GEOMETROIDEA,Geometrid Moth,Golden Heart,Larentiinae,Lepidoptera,Lepidopterologia,Lepidopterology,Moth,Neotropical Click/tap to enlarge PromotedSpecies introCountry intro

Eubaphe unicolor - Coração-de-Ouro / Golden Heart / Orange Beggar (Robinson, 1869)

Lepidoptera: Bombycina: Geometroidea: Geometridae: Larentiinae: Eudulini

Another post of what I believe to be an Eubaphe unicolor (my picture) / Outro post do que penso ser uma Eubaphe unicolor (minha foto):

Eubaphe cf. unicolor - Coração-de-Ouro / Coração-Dourado / Golden Heart / Orange Beggar (Robinson, 1869) Lepidoptera: Bombycina: Geometroidea: Larentiinae: Eudulini<br />
<br />
Everything seems to indicate that this is an Eubaphe unicolor, but I can't be 100% sure so I'll leave the species as a guess. Full post on Eubaphe unicolor here: https://www.jungledragon.com/image/59624/eubaphe_unicolor_-_corao-de-ouro_golden_heart_orange_beggar_robinson_1869.html<br />
 <br />
If you read the original post, you'll see how big the genus is and how I can't give certainty on the species, but the genus is, undoubtedly, Eubaphe.<br />
<br />
If you know the true identity of this species or can confirm the species unicolor, I will appreciate it and credit you. Animalia,Arthropoda,Brasil,Brazil,Coração-de-Ouro,Eubaphe,Eubaphe unicolor,Eudulini,GEOMETROIDEA,Golden Heart,Insecta,Larentiinae,Lepidoptera,Mariposas do Brasil,Moth,Orange,Orange Beggar,animal,geometridae,heterocera


Hora / Hour: 13:10:32. / 01:10:32pm.

VERSÃO EM PORTUGUÊS AQUI:

Aparentemente há duas subespécies de Eubaphe unicolor, mas isto requer confirmação:

Eubaphe unicolor unicolor
Eubaphe unicolor venustata (Fletcher, 1954)

Como quase sempre ocorre com as mariposas, informações são escassas e o estado de distribuição é quase sempre duvidoso. O artigo de Wikipedia que cita esta mariposa exclusivamente para a América do Norte está errado pois há relatos indicando a presença de Eubaphe unicolor no Brasil e em outros países que não fazem parte da América do Norte. O presente artigo é dedicado em satisfazer algumas dúvidas sobre Eubaphe unicolor com a importante menção de que informações são, de fato, escassas.

Eubaphe unicolor é um membro da ordem Lepidoptera, subdivisão Bombycina, superfamília Geometroidea, família Geometridae, subfamília Larentiinae e tribo Eudulini.

Essas são as espécies reconhecidas do gênero Eubaphe:

Eubaphe conformis (Walker, 1854)
Eubaphe helveta (Barnes, 1907)
Eubaphe integra (Walker, 1866)
Eubaphe lineata (Druce, 1885)
Eubaphe medea (Druce, 1885)
Eubaphe mendica (Walker, 1854)
Eubaphe meridiana (Slosson, 1889)
Eubaphe rotundata (Cassino & Swett, 1922)
Eubaphe tripunctata (Druce, 1885)
Eubaphe unicolor (Robinson, 1869)
Eubaphe tritonia (Druce, 1885)
Eubaphe moderata (Herbulot, 2001)
Eubaphe conformis (Walker, 1854)
Eubaphe lobula (Hübner, 1823)
Eubaphe weyenberghii (Snellen, 1878)
Eubaphe deceptata (Fletcher, 1954)
Eubaphe hesperina (Burmeister, 1878)
Eubaphe aeëtes (Schaus, 1889)
Eubaphe antithesis (Dyar, 1914)
Eubaphe bada (Druce, 1890)
Eubaphe biseriata (Herrich-Schäffer, 1855)
Eubaphe cupraria (Walker, 1854)
Eubaphe nanora (Schaus, 1929)
Eubaphe hyalina (Hulst, 1898)
Eubaphe fieldi (Fletcher, 1954)
Eubaphe lobiformis (Druce, 1899)
Eubaphe orfilai (Fletcher, 1954)
Eubaphe pauper (Schaus, 1889)
Eubaphe rotundata (Cotes & Swinhoe, 1922)
Eubaphe rhotana (Druce, 1894)
Eubaphe sombreata (Dognin, 1883)
Eubaphe sulcifera (Warren, 1906)
Eubaphe venustata (Fletcher, 1954)
Eubaphe dulcifera (Forbes, 1917)
Eubaphe eulathes (Dyar, 1920)
Eubaphe daxata (Druce, 1894)
Eubaphe pumilata (Fletcher, 1954)

^ Precisa de confirmação

"A espécie em si foi registrada em listas históricas da BC mas não há documentações conhecidas para o Norte do Sudoeste dos EUA. Esses registros são considerados errôneos." (https://books.google.com.br/books?id=wioBCwAAQBAJ&pg=PT202&lpg=PT202&dq=eubaphe+unicolor+brasil&source=bl&ots=qpYpsDlSlr&sig=Wvi6g6YLIpyvavDwRgQQG_L3fSc&hl=pt-BR&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwjw8d3nkuraAhWKHpAKHW3ICTAQ6AEIZjAN#v=onepage&q=eubaphe unicolor brasil&f=false)

O último ínstar larval possui um comprimento de cerca de 2.5cm-2.7cm de acordo com os arquivos de BugGuide. O comprimento da pupa mede aproximadamente 1cm. O comprimento das asas posteriores é de cerca de 9mm-13mm. A mariposa é de coloração uniforme, com asas e corpo laranjas; as venações, por vezes, podem ser visíveis nas fotografias pois as asas são atenuadamente translúcidas. As pernas e as antenas são escurecidas; as antenas são semi-eretas. As plantas hospedeiras das larvas são membros de Viola sp., mas foram documentadas em Hybanthus sp. (Violaceae) e Acer sp. (Sapindaceae), sugerindo que Eubaphe unicolor é polifitófaga. Com a coleta, pode ser notado que a mariposa evitava ovipositar nas folhas, preferindo ovipositar a maioria dos ovos em caules mortos e substratos similares. As larvas novas são mineradoras de folhas, e procedem a comer folhas de maneira mais padronizada à medida que envelhecem. As larvas que estavam prestes a pupar teciam redes de seda solta por onde se suspendiam para iniciar o estágio. A pele do último ínstar permanecia presa à pupa e contribuía com a aparência de "detrito", o que pode vir a ser um auxílio à espécie como um mecanismo de camuflagem. A Eubaphe unicolor onde estas observações foram notadas foi coletada na planta hospedeira Viola missouriensis. De acordo com BugGuide, o processo ovo-pupa necessitou de aproximadamente 60 dias.

Os habitats de Eubaphe unicolor incluem florestas decíduas, margens de rios, bosques e clareiras em florestas tropicais, ocorrendo em elevações entre o nível do mar e cerca de 1500m, podendo também serem vistas em habitats urbanos e suburbanos, precisamente onde esta foi encontrada (urbano), no 16º andar de um prédio.

Os adultos descansam com as asas formando um coração. A envergadura de suas asas é de aproximadamente 3,17cm. Os adultos são nectarívoros mas desconheço a(s) planta(s) hospedeira(s).

Fontes:

http://www.learnaboutbutterflies.com/

https://www.butterfliesandmoths.org/species/Eubaphe-unicolor

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Eubaphe

https://bugguide.net/node/view/164025

http://eol.org/pages/283285/overview

http://v3.boldsystems.org/index.php/TaxBrowser_Taxonpage?taxid=7669


ENGLISH VERSION HERE:

Apparently, there are two subspecies to Eubaphe unicolor, but this requires confirmation:

Eubaphe unicolor unicolor
Eubaphe unicolor venustata (Fletcher, 1954)

As almost always when it comes to moths, informations are scarce and distribution status are doubtful. The Wikipedia article citing this moth exclusively to North America is wrong as reports have indicated Eubaphe unicolor can also be found in Brazil and other countries not part of North America. The present article is dedicated to satisfying some doubts about the Eubaphe unicolor with the important mention that informations on them are indeed scarce.

Eubaphe unicolor is a member of the order Lepidoptera, subdivision Bombycina, superfamily Geometroidea, family Geometridae, subfamily Larentiinae and tribe Eudulini.

These are the recognized species of the genus Eubaphe:

Eubaphe conformis (Walker, 1854)
Eubaphe helveta (Barnes, 1907)
Eubaphe integra (Walker, 1866)
Eubaphe lineata (Druce, 1885)
Eubaphe medea (Druce, 1885)
Eubaphe mendica (Walker, 1854)
Eubaphe meridiana (Slosson, 1889)
Eubaphe rotundata (Cassino & Swett, 1922)
Eubaphe tripunctata (Druce, 1885)
Eubaphe unicolor (Robinson, 1869)
Eubaphe tritonia (Druce, 1885)
Eubaphe moderata (Herbulot, 2001)
Eubaphe conformis (Walker, 1854)
Eubaphe lobula (Hübner, 1823)
Eubaphe weyenberghii (Snellen, 1878)
Eubaphe deceptata (Fletcher, 1954)
Eubaphe hesperina (Burmeister, 1878)
Eubaphe aeëtes (Schaus, 1889)
Eubaphe antithesis (Dyar, 1914)
Eubaphe bada (Druce, 1890)
Eubaphe biseriata (Herrich-Schäffer, 1855)
Eubaphe cupraria (Walker, 1854)
Eubaphe nanora (Schaus, 1929)
Eubaphe hyalina (Hulst, 1898)
Eubaphe fieldi (Fletcher, 1954)
Eubaphe lobiformis (Druce, 1899)
Eubaphe orfilai (Fletcher, 1954)
Eubaphe pauper (Schaus, 1889)
Eubaphe rotundata (Cotes & Swinhoe, 1922)
Eubaphe rhotana (Druce, 1894)
Eubaphe sombreata (Dognin, 1883)
Eubaphe sulcifera (Warren, 1906)
Eubaphe venustata (Fletcher, 1954)
Eubaphe dulcifera (Forbes, 1917)
Eubaphe eulathes (Dyar, 1920)
Eubaphe daxata (Druce, 1894)
Eubaphe pumilata (Fletcher, 1954)

^ Needs confirmation

"The species themselves has been reported on historical BC lists but no vouchers are known North of the Southwestern USA. Those reports are deemed erroneous." (https://books.google.com.br/books?id=wioBCwAAQBAJ&pg=PT202&lpg=PT202&dq=eubaphe+unicolor+brasil&source=bl&ots=qpYpsDlSlr&sig=Wvi6g6YLIpyvavDwRgQQG_L3fSc&hl=pt-BR&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwjw8d3nkuraAhWKHpAKHW3ICTAQ6AEIZjAN#v=onepage&q=eubaphe unicolor brasil&f=false)

The final instar of the larva has a length of approximately 2.5cm-2.7cm, according to BugGuide data. The pupa's length measured approximately 1cm. The forewing's length is around 9mm-13mm. The moth is uniform in coloring, with orange wings and body and the venations can sometimes be visible through photography due to the slight transulscence of the wings. The legs and the antennae are darkish, the latter semi-erect. The host plants of the larvae are members of Viola sp. but have been reported on Hybanthus sp. (Violaceae) and Acer sp. (Sapindaceae), suggesting the Eubaphe unicolor are polyphytophagous. Through hauling, it could be noted that the moth avoided ovipositing on leaves, instead choosing to place most of the eggs on dead stems and similar substrate. The early larvae were leaf miners, proceeding to eat leaves in a more standard fashion as they aged. The pupating larvae spun loose silk nets from which they suspended themselves to pupate. The last instar's skin remained attached to the pupa and contributed to the debris-like appearance, which might serve the species as a camouflage mechanism. The Eubaphe unicolor in which these observations were noted was reared on the host plant Viola missouriensis. According to BugGuide, the egg to pupa process required approximately 60 days.

The habitats of Eubaphe unicolor include deciduous woodlands, riverbanks, glades and clearings in tropical forests, occuring at elevations between sea level and about 1500m, being also found an urban and suburban habitats, precisely where this one was found (urban) on the 16th floor of a flat.


Adults rest with the wings forming a heart. Their wingspan is of approximately 3,17cm. Adults are nectarivorous but I'm unaware what are (is) their host plant(s).

Sources:

http://www.learnaboutbutterflies.com/

https://www.butterfliesandmoths.org/species/Eubaphe-unicolor

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Eubaphe

https://bugguide.net/node/view/164025

http://eol.org/pages/283285/overview

http://v3.boldsystems.org/index.php/TaxBrowser_Taxonpage?taxid=7669

http://v3.boldsystems.org/index.php/Public_SearchTerms?query="Eubaphe unicolor"[tax]

    comments (3)

  1. Such an interesting sandy caramel color. Posted one year ago
    1. Glad you like it <3 Posted one year ago
  2. Post updated with extra sources. Can't find anything about the subspecies Eubaphe unicolor venustata. If anyone can help, I will credit you. Posted one year ago

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''Eubaphe unicolor'' is a species of geometrid moth in the family Geometridae. It is found in North America.

The MONA or Hodges number for ''Eubaphe unicolor'' is 7444.

Similar species: Moths And Butterflies
Species identified by Oscar Neto
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By Oscar Neto

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Uploaded May 4, 2018. Captured in Rua Tomás Acioli, 1185 - Joaquim Távora, Fortaleza - CE, 60135-180, Brazil.